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History Chapter 3
Terms in this set (15)
How did the Navigation Act benefit England?
The Navigation Act benefited England in a major way. In 1651, Parliament passed the Navigation Act which took the trade control from the Dutch and gave it to English. The most valuable products, such as tobacco and sugar, were to be transported to England first before being shipped out to foreign countries.
How did William Penn's colony support a diversity of different people
William Penn's colony, Pennsylvania, was set for major religious freedom. Pennsylvania supported everyone who wanted religious freedom. Catholics, Quakers, and Puritans were all accepted within the colony.
Why did the English find the enslavement of Africans acceptable
The English saw the enslavement of African Americans acceptable because they didn't view them as humans, more like animals. They thought that it was morally acceptable because they thought that the African Americans didn't have emotions or feelings such as humans do.
Why did enslaved Africans become so prevalent in the West Indians
The enslaved African Americans in the West Indies had it rough. The Indians were dying out due to diseases so they weren't able to do hard labor. The indentured servants' time was running out so they no longer had to do hard labor. Due to these former laborers no longer working, plantation owners needed more workers to fill in the spots of the Indians and indentured servants. There were tons of slaves needed because of the new found product, sugar
What were the main events of Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon's rebellion had many major events. It started out with Berkley doing unjust acts as governor. Bacon wanted to put a stop to Berkley's wrong doings. Bacon promised freedom for anyone that would join his side. After developing an army, they burnt down Jamestown and took over the government. Berkley fled out of Virgina only to later return with ships to take back his spot as governor.
Explain what it meant for Virginia to shift from a "society with slaves" to a "slave society"
Virginia turned from a "society with slaves" to a "society of slaves" from tobacco plantations. Tobacco plantations in Virginia required tons and tons of new slaves
What happened during the Glorious Revolution
During the Glorious Revolution, parliamentary established supremacy once and for all and secured the Protestant succession to the throne
What were women persecuted during the Salem Witch Trails
Women were prosecuted at the Salem Witch Trials because they were seen as witches. After a few young women became sick with fevers and night terrors, the doctor diagnosed them as being possessed. The young girls then gave the names of those who they thought were the ones possessing them. The women whose names were given were declared witches and prosecuted.
Why did the Walking Purchase of 1737 create tension between Native Americans and colonists
The Walking Purchase of 1737 caused tension between Native Americans and colonists because the colonists scammed them of their land. James Logan and the Indians agreed to tract land boundaries by the distance a man could walk in 36 hours. Logan got together the fastest runners in Pennsylvania to run during those 36 hours in order to gain the most amount of land possible
What types of goods were traded as part of the Consumer Revolution
The consumer revolution sold products such as coffee tea, and manufactured products such as linen, pins, and ribbons
Where was the "backcountry" and why was it important in the 18th century
The "backcountry" was the most rapidly growing region in North America. The region contained one-quarter of Virginia's population and half of South Carolina's. Most were farm families raising livestock
How were the North American colonists connected with the West Indies by trade
African slaves in the West Indies grew sugar that could be distilled into rum, a product popular in North America, who obtained it by trading furs and deerskins that were shipped to Europe.
How did the colonial elite become particularly influential
Colonial elites began to think of themselves as more and more English. Desperate to follow an aristocratic lifestyle, wealthy Americans tried to model their lives on British etiquette and behavior
Did colonies in the 18th century emphasize their American or English identities more? How did they do this?
Poverty was not as widespread in the colonies as it was in England. Many colonies had to work as tenants or wage laborers because access to land diminishes. The better-off in society tended to view the poor as lazy and responsible for their own plight
How did the role of women in colonial society change from the 17th to the 18th century
The family was the center of economic life, and all members contributed to the families livelihood. In the 18th century, the division of labor along gender lines solidified. Women were able to work more than before. They also were depended upon to take care of the house and children.
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