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history final review
Terms in this set (45)
what was the significance of finding a sea route to asia?
it allowed europeans to by pass merchants who monopolized trade.
Columbus's travels to the Americas created conflict between what two countries?
Spain and Portugal.
who's crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe?
the Colombian exchange had deadly effects, such as what?
infecting native Americans with new/ deadly diseases.
In what present-day country did the Aztecs empire exist?
what was the conquistadors' biggest advantage in defeating the Aztecs and the incas?
steel armor and weapons.
what type of document gave English settlers permission to start a colony?
what happened to the Roanoke colony after the summer of 1587?
what was the name of the voyage taken by slaves across the Atlantic Ocean?
the middle passage.
why did many English Catholics come to American in the 1600s?
to escape a kingdom that didn't allow them to worship freely.
the mayflower compact could best be described as..
a promising step towards self-government.
what have some historians called minister thomas hooker?
the father of American democracy.
which colt believed that all children needed to be able to read the bible?
New England colonies. (Massachusetts)
the English bill of rights reduced the powers of the English monarch did what?
who was the African solace who purchased his freedom and devote himself to ending slavery?
what is mercantilism?
belief in the benefits of profitable trading;commercialism.
what was the great awakening?
a religious movement that swept through the colonies and changed colonial religion, society, and politics, renewed interest in religion in the 1730s.
in 1753, who fought the British over settlements in the Ohio river valley?
what event directly sparked the Boston massacre?
a British soldier standing guard hit a colonist during an argument.
the Boston tea party clearly demonstrated how unhappy who was?
the colonist were with the British laws.
at dawn on April 9, 1775, British soldiers searched for a major colonial weapons storehouse rumored to be located where?
when did the continental congress approve the Declaration of Independence?
in common sense thomas Paine argued that laws should be made by?
who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?
at the same the Declaration of Independence was written a committee created a deal for the new country with the motto "e plurbius Unum" which means?
"out of many, one"
why was the battle of Saratoga a turning point for the patriots?
because the patriots gained the support of France and Spain.
what was the last battle of the American Revolution?
battle of Yorktown.
what did the magna carta say?
that even kings and queens were my above the law.
what is ratification?
how did the northwest ordinance of 1787 affect the practice of slavery in the northwest territory?
it banned slavery in the northwest territory.
in 1784, officials from which country closed the lower Mississippi, which the U.S had used to ship goods to Eastern markets?
what is interstate commerce?
any work involving or related to the movement of persons or things (including intangibles, such as information) across state lines or from foreign countries.
what were Daniel shays and his men protesting?
debt and business refusal to accept paper currency.
why did shays rebellion target the Massachusetts Supreme Court?
the courts were firing farmers who were in dept to sell of their land.
what important men attended the constitutional convention in Philadelphia?
madison, Washington, & Franklin.
the great compromise resolved the debate over state representation in the federal government by?
creating a bicameral legislature.
what was the purpose of checks and balances?
it keeps any one branch of government from becoming too powerful.
the farmers of the constitution granted legislative power to whom?
what is federalism?
the sharing of power between a central government and the started of a country.
what problem did anti federalist have with the constitution?
they felt that the central government had been given too much power and needed a bill of rights.
what was George Mason's position toward the constitution?
he opposed it because he thought it gave too much power to the central government and ignored individual rights.
why did the federalist like the constitution?
they favorited a strong national government with supreme power over state governments.
what are the bill of rights?
list of amendments added to the constitution to protect citizens rights.
why did some federalists oppose the idea of a bill of rights?
They feared that by listing specific rights of the people and States, it would be argued that the people and States retained ONLY those rights specifically listed.
what is an amendment?
an official change.
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