22 terms

NL Studies Unit 2

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Beringia
Land bridge believed to have connected Asia to North America during the last ice age
Old World
lands known to Europeans before the discovery of the Americas
New World
lands to the west that were discovered by Europeans
Agrarian
agricultural, relating to farming
Hunter-gatherer
people who subsist by hunting, fishing and foraging
Chert
A type of silica that contains quartz and can be made into very sharp tools.
Amerindians
descendants of the people who migrated across the bearing land bridge (Beringia)
Paleo-Eskimos
pre-historic Eskimos of the North American arctic
Umiak
large, open, skin-covered boats used to transportation and hunting
Kajait
one person watercraft used for transportation
Kamutet
large sled pulled by a dog team
anthropologists
a social scientist that specializes in the development of people
Kapminaute
Innu dwelling made of bent alders, birch bark and caribou hides
Mamateeks
Beothuk dwelling made of bound wood poles covered with birch or spruce bark or caribou skins
Berm
a raised bank that serves as a barrier
Ktaqumkuk
Mi'kmaw name for the island of NL meaning, "land across the water"
Weirs
a fish trap made of wooden stakes, typically driven into a riverbed or tidal flat
Traditional Economy
system of exchange in which people use resources in the same way as previous generations
Rooms
coastal mooring and processing place in the fishery
Bye-boat Keepers
fishers who owned small inshore fishing boats and transported them to NL and left them behind in winter
Governors
officer placed by royal commission in command of a colony
Planters
individuals who chose to stay in NL instead of returning to England