study and write about the past; learn from artifacts and written evidence; evaluate reliability of evidence and try to understand why events happened
An object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period
the study of origins and development of people and their societies
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
Mary and Louis Leakey
did research in regard to early hominids
anthro/arche who found Lucy; worked mainly in Ethiopia
something that can stand upright
form of anthropology; study past people and cultures through material remains like buildings and artifacts
paleolithic cave art
covered entire walls usually with animals
paintings in caves that dated to about 15,000 years ago in France
3.2 million year old hominid discovered in Ethiopia, was the first nearly complete primitive skeleton found.
present-day Tanzania Africa; where the Leakey's did their work
earliest hominids that lived in Africa as early as 7 million years ago
second; emerged ab 2 million years ago; made stone tools for cutting, scraping, chopping, or sawing plants, animals, and wood
third; appeared abt 2 million years ago; walked upright; had larger brains and bones and smaller teeth; thought to be the first to use fire and migrate out of Africa; made hand axes
emerged between 100,000 and 250,000 years ago; may have lived in Africa, then migrated into rest of the world, OR ma have developed from Homo erectus in different parts of the world; divided into two groups: Neanderthals and early modern humans
50,000-30,000 years ago
How long ago did the Neanderthals disappear?
Who were the first hominids to use hand axes and thought to be the first to use fire?
Who were the hominids who made stone tools?
Where was the first use of primitive boats used to travel across?
HUMAN MIGRATION MAP
Old Stone Age
aka Paleolithic period; from 2 million BC to ab 10,000 BC
New Stone Age
aka Neolithic period; 10,000 BC to the end of prehistory
the belief that the world is full of forces and spirits that might reside in animals, objects, or dreams
Which period allowed people to settle down instead of being nomads?
when farming replaced hunting and gathering during the Neolithic revolution; people began domesticating plants and animals
Tigris and Euphrates - civilization
Nile River - civilization
Yellow River - civilization
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
Indus River - civilization
Pacific - civilization
Gulf of Mexico - civilization
BEER: discovered or invented?
BEER: wild grains grow when what age ends?
BEER: farmers needed to grow more of this to make beer, which increased farming; beer was currency