Barrios Era 1

STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

prehistory
the period of time before written records
historian
study and write about the past; learn from artifacts and written evidence; evaluate reliability of evidence and try to understand why events happened
artifact
An object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period
anthropology
the study of origins and development of people and their societies
culture
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
Mary and Louis Leakey
did research in regard to early hominids
Donald Johnson
anthro/arche who found Lucy; worked mainly in Ethiopia
hominids
something that can stand upright
archaeology
form of anthropology; study past people and cultures through material remains like buildings and artifacts
paleolithic cave art
covered entire walls usually with animals
Lascaux caves
paintings in caves that dated to about 15,000 years ago in France
Lucy
3.2 million year old hominid discovered in Ethiopia, was the first nearly complete primitive skeleton found.
Olduvai Gorge
present-day Tanzania Africa; where the Leakey's did their work
Australopithecines
earliest hominids that lived in Africa as early as 7 million years ago
Homo habilis
second; emerged ab 2 million years ago; made stone tools for cutting, scraping, chopping, or sawing plants, animals, and wood
Homo erectus
third; appeared abt 2 million years ago; walked upright; had larger brains and bones and smaller teeth; thought to be the first to use fire and migrate out of Africa; made hand axes
Homo sapiens
emerged between 100,000 and 250,000 years ago; may have lived in Africa, then migrated into rest of the world, OR ma have developed from Homo erectus in different parts of the world; divided into two groups: Neanderthals and early modern humans
50,000-30,000 years ago
How long ago did the Neanderthals disappear?
Homo erectus
Who were the first hominids to use hand axes and thought to be the first to use fire?
Homo habilis
Who were the hominids who made stone tools?
Bering Strait
Where was the first use of primitive boats used to travel across?
map
HUMAN MIGRATION MAP
Old Stone Age
aka Paleolithic period; from 2 million BC to ab 10,000 BC
New Stone Age
aka Neolithic period; 10,000 BC to the end of prehistory
aminism
the belief that the world is full of forces and spirits that might reside in animals, objects, or dreams
Neolithic period
Which period allowed people to settle down instead of being nomads?
agricultural revolution
when farming replaced hunting and gathering during the Neolithic revolution; people began domesticating plants and animals
Sumer
Tigris and Euphrates - civilization
Egyptian
Nile River - civilization
China
Yellow River - civilization
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
Indus River - civilization
Norte Chico
Pacific - civilization
Olmes
Gulf of Mexico - civilization
discovered
BEER: discovered or invented?
Ice Age
BEER: wild grains grow when what age ends?
barley
BEER: farmers needed to grow more of this to make beer, which increased farming; beer was currency