the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life
a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
five pillars of islam
Declaration of faith, prayer, alms, fasting, and pilgrimage
Two major branches of Islam; Sunnis, the largest branch, are known as the orthodox branch supporting only descendants of Muhammad whereas Shiites support descendants of Ali as religious leaders
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
gold salt trade
Gold and salt made up trade and wealth in the African kingdoms because the Europeans wanted gold, and the Africans needed salt
ghana mali songhai
During the Trans-Saharan trading time, Kingdoms such as these three countries of western Africa were important in connecting the Mediterranean basin to sub-Sahara Africa
this Mali king brought Mali to its peak of power and wealth from 1312 the 1337; he was the most powerful king in west africa
a city in central Mali near the Niger river
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.
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