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Chapter 14 - Interpersonal attraction and close relationships
Terms in this set (35)
Being with others: A fundamental human motive
'A pervasive drive to form and maintain at least a minimum quantity of lasting, positive, and significant interpersonal relationships'.
People are distressed when
they are neglected by others, rejected, excluded, stigmatized, or ostracized; forms of 'social death'.
External threat triggers fear and motivates us to affiliate
seeking others to gain 'cognitive clarity' about the dangers.
patients waiting for open-heart surgery preferred to be with other patients who were post-operative rather than pre-operative.
Certain faces are more attractive than others
(1) agreement - among children, adults, men and women, from the same or different cultures on rating attractive faces.
(2) physical features: attractive facial features do not deviate much from average.
Reciprocity (liking others who like us)
a state of imbalance causes distress.
a state of balance exists between two people when the relationship is characterized by 'reciprocity'
1. Triangular theory of love
2. Triangular theory of love
3. Triangular theory of love
true friendship without passion or long-term commitment
passionate, obsessive love at first sight without intimacy or commitment
Empty love (commitment)
decision to love another without intimacy or passion
Romantic love (intimacy + passion)
physical and emotional attraction without commitment
Fatuous love (passion + commitment)
commitment based on passion but without time for intimacy to develop
Companionate love (intimacy + commitment)
long-term committed friendship such as marriage
Consummate love (intimacy + passion + commitment)
a complete love consisting of all three components - an ideal
love felt by one person for another who does not feel love in return
Passionate love or erotic love
Friendship or companionate love
Demanding or possessive love
Pragmatic or logical love
Altruistic or selfless love
the arousal caused by an event which then gets misinterpreted in terms of an other event or behaviour
passionate love (an emotion)
1- a heightened state of physiological arousal.
2- the belief that this arousal is triggered by the beloved person
Capilano bridge by Dutton & Aron
roller coaster ride experiment
1.Reward theory of attraction
(attention, support, money, status, information)
2.Reward theory of attraction
(to be with someone who is beautiful and smart)
3.Reward theory of attraction
we like the people who are present when we experience reward
Attachment between infants and their parents
similar to the adults' attachment styles in romantic relationships
two types of insecure styles
anxious and avoidant
the outcomes that people think they deserve, or can expect to get, in a relationship.
Comparison level for alternatives
the outcomes that people think they could get if they were to enter a different relationship
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