Terms in this set (57)
Current document which our government is taken from.
Established the Legislative Branch.
Established the Executive Branch.
Established the Judicial Branch.
Explains the relationship of the states to one another and the national government.
Explains how the Constitution can be amended.
Explains the Constitution as the supreme law of the land.
Addressed the ratification of the Constitution.
A change to the Constitution.
Principles of the Constitution
Government will be limited and power will be shared as it protects individual rights and balances these with the pursuit of public good.
Why has the Constitution been able to survive for as long as it has?
It ensures Popular Sovereignty, Limited Government, Separations of powers, Checks and balances, Judicial Review, and Federalism
Protection of freedom of speech, religion, and peaceful assembly.
Right to bear arms.
Prohibits the government from forcing people to provide shelter for soldiers.
Individual protection against random search and seizure by the government.
Various protections of people accused of committing crimes, including the right not to incriminate oneself.
Ensures the right to a speedy and public trial with an impartial jury.
Right to a trial jury.
Prohibits excessive bail and protects against cruel and unusual punishment.
States that rights not spelled out in the constitution are retained by the people.
States that rights not given to the Federal government are retained by the states.
Prohibits states from being sued by citizens from another state.
Established separate ballots the President and Vice President in the Electoral College.
Granted suffrage to African American adult males.
Allowed the Federal Government to tax individual incomes.
Ensure direct democracy for the election of state Senators.
Prohibited the manufacturing, sale, transportation, and consumption of alcohol.
Granted suffrage to adult females.
Changed inauguration dates to January.
Overturned the 18th Amendment, permitting the consumption of alcohol.
Established Executive Branch term limits.
Established a minimum amount of electors (3) to Washington D.C.
Prohibited poll taxes during elections.
Established Presidential succession.
Set the federal voting age at 18.
Established that congressional pay increases (which are established in Congress) become effective during the following term.
Authority of a court to hear a case
Court's authority to hear appeals from lower courts
Terms of Federal Judges
Serve for life
The Supreme Court
9 justices nominated by the Presidents (only replaced when there is a vacancy)
This is the opinion of the court, and it stands as precedent [decision that acts as a guide to how similar court cases should be decided in the future]
1 or more justices agree with the Majority Opinion but for differing legal reasons
4 or fewer justices write an opinion in opposition to the Majority Opinion
Marbury v. Madison
Established Judicial Review
Power to decide constitutionality of an act of the government
Citizens United vs. FEC
5-4 decision the government may not ban political spending by corporation in candidates election.
Quid Pro Quo
Something given with the expectation of receiving something in return.
Citizens United vs. FEC
Miranda V Arizona
Requirement that police must read a suspect his or her rights before any questioning occurs
Gideon V Wainwright
ruling that an attorney must be provided to those who cannot afford one
Free Exercise Clause
Clause guarantees to each person the right to believe whatever he or she chooses to believe in matters of religion
Clause means simply government cannot: 1. Support a particular religion 2. Deny a particular religion
Writ of habeas corpus
Requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
ex post facto law
A law applied to an act committed before the passage of that law
bill of attainder
Legislative act that provides for the punishment of a person without a court trial