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44 terms

Ch. 48, 51, 52

STUDY
PLAY
Judicial systems are responsible for making decisions regarding
insanity.
Behavior is classified as disordered when it
1. is dysfunctional.
2. is deviant.
3. is distressful.
The greatest shortcoming associated with explanations of psychological disorders in terms of demon possession is that these explanations
led to some harsh and ineffective remedial treatments.
A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-IV-TR in order to ________ various psychological disorders.
identify
The DSM-IV-TR does NOT
explain the causes of the various psychological disorders.
Flat affect is a catatonic symptom most closely associated with ________ schizophrenia.
catatonic
Many psychologists believe the disorganized thoughts of people with schizophrenia result from a breakdown in
selective attention.
What are symptoms of schizophrenia?
1. disturbed perceptions
2. inappropriate emotions
3. disorganized thinking
Wilma is extremely agitated because she hears voices that tell her to sexually seduce the male nurses in her hospital ward. Wilma is most clearly suffering from
hallucinations.
One of the defining characteristics of disorganized schizophrenia is
flat inappropriate emotion.
A disorder in which an individual is overexcited, hyperactive, and wildly optimistic is known as
mania.
By boosting serotonin, antidepressant drugs stimulate the growth of neurons in the
hippocampus.
Which perspective has emphasized the impact of learned helplessness on depression?
social-cognitive
Mania is most likely to be characterized by feelings of
elation.
Linkage analysis is of greatest interest to those who attempt to explain mood disorders from a ________ perspective.
biological
A World Health Organization study of 20 countries estimated that ________ had the highest prevalence of mental disorders during the prior year.
the United States
Among women, the stresses and demoralization of poverty are especially likely to precipitate
depression.
According to the medical model, psychological disorders are
sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured.
Behavior is classified as disordered when it
1. is distressful.
2. is deviant.
3. is dysfunctional.
The criteria for classifying behavior as psychologically disordered
vary by culture and with time.
North Americans born during the winter and spring months are at a slightly increased risk for
schizophrenia.
Hearing voices would be a ________; believing that you are Napoleon would be a ________.
hallucination; delusion
Schizophrenia is most likely to be associated with
a shrinkage of cerebral tissue.
Among schizophrenia patients, the fluid-filled areas of the brain are
abnormally large and the thalamus is abnormally small.
People are more likely to recover from ________ schizophrenia than from ________ schizophrenia.
reactive; process
Depression is most closely associated with
learned helplessness.
Compared with those who suffer no disorder, those who abuse alcohol have a ________ risk of committing suicide. Compared with the general population, those who have been depressed have a ________ risk of committing suicide.
higher; higher
Which perspective has emphasized the impact of learned helplessness on depression?
social-cognitive
One way for people to break the vicious cycle of depression is to
participate more often in activities they consider pleasant and rewarding.
The risk of suicide is greatest when people
begin to rebound from their depression.
Larry has difficulty organizing his daily schedule of work responsibilities. He often makes careless mistakes or fails to complete his work because he is easily distracted. Larry's behavior is most characteristic of
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
An eye-tracking device that measures an individual's ability to focus on and follow spots of light has been used for the assessment of
ADHD.
Which of the following is true of the medical model?
It views psychological disorders as sicknesses that are diagnosable and treatable.
Which of the following statements concerning the labeling of disordered behaviors is NOT true?
Labels interfere with effective treatment of psychological disorders.
ADHD is diagnosed ________ often in girls than in boys. In the decade after 1987, a(n) ________ proportion of American children have been treated for this disorder.
less; increasing
Flat affect is a catatonic symptom most closely associated with ________ schizophrenia.
catatonic
Those who suffer from schizophrenia are likely to experience
any or all of these symptoms.
Evidence suggests that ________ contribute(s) to schizophrenia.
prenatal viral infections
A breakdown in selective attention is most likely to be experienced by those who suffer from
schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia is most likely to be associated with
a shrinkage of cerebral tissue.
Compared with men, women are much more likely to be diagnosed as suffering from
depression.
The vicious cycle of depression is often initiated by
stressful life experiences.
Of those who talk of suicide, ________ actually attempt suicide. Of those who attempt suicide, ________ succeed in completing the act.
only a few; only a few
During the manic phase of bipolar disorder, individuals are most likely to
be overactive.