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570-632. Born in Mecca, died in Medina. Founder of Islam. Regarded by Muslims as a prophet of God. Teachings make up the Qu'ran, the Muslim holy book.
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
Two major branches of Islam; Sunnis, the largest branch, are known as the orthodox branch supporting only descendants of Muhammad whereas Shiites support descendants of Ali as religious leaders
Gold and salt made up trade and wealth in the African kingdoms because the Europeans wanted gold, and the Africans needed salt.
City on the Niger River in the modern country of Mali. It was founded by the Tuareg as a seasonal camp sometime after 1000. As part of the Mali empire, Timbuktu became a major major terminus of the trans-Saharan trade and a center of Islamic learning.
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