25 terms

Unit 5: India

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Himalayas
world's tallest mountains that separate India from the rest of the continent
subcontinent
large landmass that is geographically separated from the rest of a continent
Indus River
river bordering Western India
Ganges River
river bordering Eastern India; considered holy by Hindus
Mohenjo Daro
"mound of the dead" in Sanskrit
citadel
massive fort that protected against floods and enemy attacks
migrate
to move from one place to another to live
Hinduism
polytheistic religion of India; follows the Vedas
Vedas
books composed of songs that are the building blocks of Hinduism
caste system
Hindu system of organizing people into 4 main groups; determined by the rank of his or her family
reincarnation
constant circle of birth, death, and rebirth
dharma
the laws and duties of a caste group
Bhagavad Gita
very popular Hindu book that tells the stories of many gods and goddesses
Buddhism
nontheistic religion (no gods); goal is to eliminate suffering by following the Eightfold Path
Siddhartha Gautama
founder of Buddhism; "The Buddha"
monk
man who devotes his life to a religious group
karma
a force caused by a person's good and bad acts
The Four Noble Truths
The basic principles that guided life according to the Buddha
The Eightfold Path
A set of instructions on the proper way to live for Buddhists.
The Middle Way
The belief of Buddhists that life is meant neither to be too strict nor too easy.
Devi
Hindu goddess; "The Mother of All Creation"
Shiva
Hindu god; "The God of Time and Destruction"
Vishnu
Hindu god; "The One that is the All"
Aryans
group that migrated to ancient India; brought new religious ideas
Untouchables
the "outcastes" of the Hindu caste system
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