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46 terms

Reading terms

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figurative language
the use of figures of speech such as metaphors, simile, or hyperbole, to express ideas.
foil
a character that through contrast, reveals the characteristics of another character
idiom
a saying or expression that cannot be translated literally
imagery
language that appeals to all the senses
narrator
the person telling the story
biography
a written piece of work done by an author about someone else.
analogy
a comparison of two things that are somewhat alike
character
a person or animal in a story, or play, or another literary work
fiction
a prose account that is made up rather that true
theme
the central or general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals
protagonist
the main character in a work of literature
foreshadowing
the use of clues or hints to suggest events that will occur later in the plot
metaphor
a figure of speech in wich one thing is said to be another thing
tone
the attitude towards a subject or audience implied by a literary work
style
the way a writer uses language, the individual way an author writers
antagonist
a character, institution, group, or force that is in conflict with the protagonist
climax
the point in a story that creates the greatest suspense or interest
allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, work of art, myth, or religion.
atmosphere
the overall mood or feeling of a work of literature
plot
a series of related events that make up a story.
epilogue
a concluding statement
prose
any writing that is not poetry
author
the writer of a literary work or document
comedy
in general, a story that ends happily for the main characters
dramatic irony
results when the reader or audience knows or understands something that a character does not know
dialogue
conversation between two or more characters
mood
synonomous with atmosphere and tone
dialect
regional speech that identifies a character's social status
setting
the time and place of a story, play, or narrative
simile
a figure of speech that compares two things that are not alike, using the words like or as
stereotype
a fixed idea about the members of a particular group of people that does not allow for any individualism
tregedy
a play, novel, or other narrative in which the main character comes to an unhappy ending
sarcasm
mocking language
sensory poem
a poem using the five senses of sight, smell, sound, touch, and taste.
onomatopoeia
a word that mimics, or where the sound imitates or suggests it's meaning; words such as buzz, swish, zip, and growl, hiss, gulp, zigzag, and slither.
rhythm
a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition of certain other sound patterns.
connotation
a meaning, association, or emotion suggested by a word, in addition to its dictionary definition, or denotation.
alliteration
the repitition of the same or very similar consonant sounds in words that are close together in a line of verse such as "dappled doggies dash," "bouncy bunnies," "careening cars crashing," etc
cinquain
a five-line poem that follows a pattern and does not rhyme. The pattern could be a word subject, two adjectives, three descriptive action words, short statement and synonym.
limerick
a very short humorous or nonsensical poem that has five lines a definite rhythm, and an abba rhyme scheme. It tells a brief story. A five line where lines 1,2,and 5 are longer and end in rhyming words. Line 3 abd 4 rhyme with each other and are shorter than the other lines.
rhyme
a repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words close together in a poem.
couplets
two lines of poetry that rhyme and usually contain one complete idea.
flashback
when a character interrupts the story to tell what happened in the past.
stanza
in a poem, a group forms consecutive lines that form a single unit.
irony
a contrast between what is expected and what really happens.
Robert Frost
a famous poet who wrote the Snowy Road