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42 terms

Exam 4

Shoulder, elbow
STUDY
PLAY
medial epicondylitis.
is common names for Racketball elbow, golfer's elbow, and javelin thrower's elbow
disorder associated with little league elbow
Accelerated apophyseal growth,
Avulsion of the medial epicondyle,
Nonunion stress fracture of the olecranon
Posterior
Most elbow dislocations result from falling on an outstretched hand and result in the ulna and radius dislocating:
Radial
the nerve innervates the main elbow extensors
hyperextension forces
Strains to the elbow are usually caused by
GameKeepers Thumb
A sprain of the ulnar collateral ligament of the MCP joint of the thumb caused by forceful abduction of the proximal phalanx is called:
Ulnar
Which side of the arm receives the most frequent impact and therefore is where the majority of bruising occurs?
Colle's Fx
A wrist fracture resulting from the radius and ulna being forced backward and upward (hyperextension) is called a:
Extension of the Thumb and Fingers
test damage to nerve radial
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The tapping sign over the transverse carpal ligament tests for:
Scaphoid (navicular)
Severe point tenderness in the anatomical "snuffbox" may indicate a fracture of which bone?
Mallet finger
A blow to the end of the finger that avulsed the extensors tendon from its insertions
lunate
bone in the wrist is most commonly dislocated
Extensor Digitorum
the following tendons is involved with mallet finger
Ganglion
is a herniation of the joint capsule or of the synovial sheath of a tendon; it is often thought of as a cyst structure.
False
A Bennett's fracture occurs from forced axial loading and abduction of the thumb; this injury should be casted.
Dislocation of Phalanges
have a high rate of occurrence in sports and are caused mainly by a blow to the tip of the finger by a ball.
Supraspinatus
Rotator cuff: abduction (empty can); Most common rotator cuff sprain
Infraspinatus
Rotator cuff: External rotation
Teresminor
Rotator cuff: External rotation
Subscapularis
Rotator cuff: Internal Rotation
Rotator Cuff
S.I.T.S.
Muscles in the Shoulder
Rotator cuff, deltoid, trapezius, RHomboids
Shoulder Joints
Glencohumeral joint, Acromioclavicular joint (AC), Sternoclavicular joint (SC), Scapulotheracic joint
Shoulder pointer
Bruise tip of shoulder
Dislocation/subluxation of shoulder
Glenohumeral joint (unstable joint)
Separation of shoulder
AC Joint sprain
Shoulder Impingement
When you raise your arm to shoulder height, the space between the acromion and rotator cuff narrows. The acromion can rub against (or "impinge" on) the tendon and the bursa, causing irritation and pain.
Dislocation/Sublicuxation of the elbow
Posterior- backwards
Sprain elbow
hyperextension
Olecranor Bursitis
contusion of the elbow
Lateral Epicondulitis
Tennis elbow- to much wrist extension
Medial Epicondulitis
Pitcher's elbow- to much wrist flextion
Forearm Contusion
Ulnar bone
Scaphoid
Wrist bone that usually fx.
Lunate
Wrist bone that usually dislocated
Wrist sprain
hyperextension
CTS
Carpol tunnel syndrome
Mallet Finger
Extensor tendon rupture
DIP
usually dorsal dislocation;
Often occurs when ball strikes tip of finger
PIP
1. IP Joint Dislocation
2. Most common finger dislocation
3. Occurs due to blow to end of finger
Boutonniere deformity
a deformed position of the fingers or toes, in which the joint nearest the knuckle (PIP) is permanently bent toward the palm while the furthest joint (DIP) is bent back away