History of New Jersey Final
Terms in this set (48)
Abolished slavery in the United States; 1865
1967 riots in Newark
Riots in Newark in the summer of 1967 that began as a result of claims of "police brutality" against blacks. The violence lasted for four days. Fires were started around the city and the National Guard was called in and opened fire on protestors. $10 million in damages occurred and 26 people died.
Abbot vs Burke
A Supreme Court case pertaining to education equity in New Jersey. This ensures that schools in the 31 poorest communities receive "through and efficient" support promised by the NJ Constitution
Head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. She opposed legislation protecting women workers because such laws implied women's inferiority. Most condemned her way of thinking.
Newton A.K. Bugbee and Edward Edwards ran in the 1919 governor election where prohibition was the major issue. Bugbee was pro Prohibition because he supported the constitution. Edwards was anti-Prohibition
He was a lawyer and then became the Chief Justice on the New Jersey Supreme Court. He had many ideas for court reforms.
Battle of Monmouth
GW sends troops from Valley Forge to intercept Gen. Clinton. The troops fight to a standoff, & the battle ends in a draw. American General Charles Lee disobeys orders from GW, & orders his men to surrender. GW is furious at Lee, & puts him on trial for insubordinance-part of the trial is held in Paramus, NJ.
Battle of Princeton
A week after the Battle at Trenton, Washington left a few men to tend some campfires and fool the enemy again. He quietly marched his army to Princeton, where they suprised and beat a British force. New Jersey turned Patriot. This battle helped the American morale.
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Deleware River. The next morning, they suprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians.
A military base that was activated for use during WWI. From this camp, the troops marched to Hoboken piers to board boats and be transported to Europe. About 1 million troops moved through Camp Merritt.
A US camp opened in 1942. The camp was organized as part of the Army Service Forces Transportation Corps. Troops were quartered at Camp Kilmer in preparation for transport to the European Theater of Operations in World War II. Eventually, it became the largest processing center for troops heading overseas and returning from World War II, processing over 2.5 million soldiers. It officially closed in 2009.
Son of Thomas Edison, served as the 42nd governor of NJ in 1940. He won the election and ran in reaction to Frank Hague.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974); baby kidnapped
Constitution of 1776
Constitution of 1844
Constitution of 1947
A group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War
Delaware and Raritan Canal
Built in the 1830s to connect the Raritan and Delaware River. Served as an effective way for the transportation of fright between Philadelphia and New York City. It really saved a lot of time and money because this was before trains were created and used.
A reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the insane as mentally ill, beginning in the 1820's, she was responsible for improving conditions in jails, poorhouses and insane asylums throughout the U.S. and Canada. She succeeded in persuading many states to assume responsibility for the care of the mentally ill. She served as the Superintendant of Nurses for the Union Army during the Civil War.
Election of 1919
American army general put in charge of Union troops and later removed by Lincoln for failure to press Lee's Confederate troops in Richmond
An associate Justice on the Supreme Court. Was a member of the Electoral Commission that decided the Presidential Election of 1876 between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden.
Justice Mahlon Pitney
A Supreme Court Justice
-Charles Lindbergh taken from crib at night-a ransom note for $50,000 left by his crib
As an activist for education and women's rights, Lucy Stone made speeches around the country about her beliefs.These speeches were published around the world in newspapers and magazines. She rejected the advances of a suitor, until he promised her that they would be equal partners, and, when they were married, she kept her maiden name. Furthermore, she made sure to offer her daughter support for whatever she wanted to do with her life. She also ran the first national women's rights convention.
first female lawyer allowed to practice law in N.J. She supported women's right to vote and the Equal Rights Amendment.
An American fashion editor, politician and diplomat. A four-term Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey. She was regarded as a moderate and progressive within her party and was outspoken in favor of civil rights and the women's movement.
Completed to Newark in 1831, the canal was extended eastward to Jersey City between 1834 and 1836. It eased the transportation of anthracite coal from Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley to northern New Jersey's growing iron industry and other developing industries in New Jersey and the New York City area.
Mt. Laurel Cases
The Mount Laurel doctrine is a controversial judicial interpretation of the New Jersey State Constitution. The doctrine requires that municipalities use their zoning powers in an affirmative manner to provide a realistic opportunity for the production of housing affordable to low and moderate income households.
New Jersey Homesteads/Roosevelt
North American Phalanx
The North American Phalanx was a secular Utopian socialist commune located in Colts Neck Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey during the 1840's.
Paterson Silk Strike 1913
The 1913 Paterson silk strike was a work stoppage involving silk mill workers in Paterson, New Jersey. The strike involved demands for establishment of an eight-hour day and improved working conditions. The strike began on February 1, 1913, and ended six months later, on July 28.
Radburn was founded in 1929 as "a town for the motor age". Radburn was explicitly designed to separate traffic by mode, with a pedestrian path system that does not cross any major roads at grade. Radburn introduced the largely residential "superblock" and is credited with incorporating some of the earliest culs-de-sac in the United States.
Robinson v. Cahill
Supreme Court rules that state school funding system deprives poor children of the constitutionally mandated thorough and efficient education
Seven Sisters Acts
Thomas A. Edison
"Trenton Makes the World Takes"
Walter Evans Edge