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Charter Colony

Self governed (Rhode Island and Connecticut)

Proprietary Colony

Organized by a proprietor, a person to whom the king had made a grant of land. (Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware)

Royal Colony

Subject to the direct control of the Crown. The King would appoint a governor. (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.

Stamp Act

(1765) Tax on all printed material

Stamp Act Congress

Formed a protest against the British government

Boston Massacre

(1770) British troop fired on jeering crowds, killing five

Boston Tea Party

(1773) Boycott against the control of tea trade

Committee of Correspondence

colonial organization organized in 1770 to spread news of Great Britain's actions and acts throughout the colonies

Intolerable Acts

Retaliation of colonial protests. Closed Boston Harbor and withdrew Massachusetts' right to self govern. *They now had no reason to stay loyal.

First Continental Congress

September 1774, delegates from twelve colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts

Second Continental Congress

(1774-1775)They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence

The English Bill of rights limited the monarchs to require Parliament's consent to..

suspend laws, levy taxes, and maintain an army

Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation

Congress was powerless to law and collect taxes or duties
No executive to enforce acts of Congress
No national court system

Achievements of Articles of Confederation

Peace treaty with Great Britain (1783)
Congress set up 3 major departments (Foreign affairs, War, and Treasury)

Magna Carta

1. Trial by jury
2. Due process
3. Private property

Petition of Right

1. No taxes without Parliament's consent
2. No imprisonment without just cause
3. No housing troops
4. No martial law

English Bill of Rights

1. Trial by jury
2. Due process
3. No cruel punishment
4. No excessive bail or fines
5. Right to bear arms
6. Right to petition

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