17 terms

Coach Yawn Unit 2 Vocabulary and Notes

Charter Colony
Self governed (Rhode Island and Connecticut)
Proprietary Colony
Organized by a proprietor, a person to whom the king had made a grant of land. (Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware)
Royal Colony
Subject to the direct control of the Crown. The King would appoint a governor. (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Stamp Act
(1765) Tax on all printed material
Stamp Act Congress
Formed a protest against the British government
Boston Massacre
(1770) British troop fired on jeering crowds, killing five
Boston Tea Party
(1773) Boycott against the control of tea trade
Committee of Correspondence
colonial organization organized in 1770 to spread news of Great Britain's actions and acts throughout the colonies
Intolerable Acts
Retaliation of colonial protests. Closed Boston Harbor and withdrew Massachusetts' right to self govern. *They now had no reason to stay loyal.
First Continental Congress
September 1774, delegates from twelve colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts
Second Continental Congress
(1774-1775)They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
The English Bill of rights limited the monarchs to require Parliament's consent to..
suspend laws, levy taxes, and maintain an army
Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation
Congress was powerless to law and collect taxes or duties
No executive to enforce acts of Congress
No national court system
Achievements of Articles of Confederation
Peace treaty with Great Britain (1783)
Congress set up 3 major departments (Foreign affairs, War, and Treasury)
Magna Carta
1. Trial by jury
2. Due process
3. Private property
Petition of Right
1. No taxes without Parliament's consent
2. No imprisonment without just cause
3. No housing troops
4. No martial law
English Bill of Rights
1. Trial by jury
2. Due process
3. No cruel punishment
4. No excessive bail or fines
5. Right to bear arms
6. Right to petition