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History Science 1500-2005

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Francis Bacon
scientific method
Nicholas Copernicus
"heavenly bodies" reestablished heliocentric theory, opened up challenging authority
Francis Crick
human genome project with james watson
Charles Darwin
"origins of species" 1859; natural selection, competition for food/mates
René Descartes
cogito ergo sum (i think therefor i am)
rationalism
Albert Einstein
special theory of relativity 1905
general theory of relativity 1916
Galileo
heliocentric theory, almost developed scientific method
Stephen Hawking
Black Holes
Werner Heisenberg
uncertainty principles, physics no 100% provable
Steve Jobs
founder of Apple
Carl Linnaeus
animal classification into subgroups/families
John Locke
explains justification of coup of James, tabula rosa
Charles Lyell
principles of geology
Gregor Mendel
originated study of genetics
Dmitry Mendeleev
published work for periodic table in 1869
Isaac Newton
principia mathematica 1687, universe operates under God's rules, gravity
Robert J. Oppenheimer
head of Manhattan Project
Louis Pasteur
germ theory of disease, was turned down
Max Planck
quantum theory in 1900
Wilhelm Rontgen
invented Xrays
Herbert Spencer
translated translated origin of species into 'dumb', coins 'struggle for survival'
Alan Touring
computer, Britain government, WWII
Steve Wozniak
worked with Steve Jobs on Apple
atomic bomb
1945, Oppenheimer
"cogito ergo sum"
Descartes
computer
Touring
Double Helix
Watson/Crick
Enlightenment
application of science to society, lead by Philosophy, reason/empiricism
evolution
Darwin
General Theory of Relativity
...
genetics and heredity
Mendel
geocentric theory
catholic church
heliocentric theory
Copernicus