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Anatomy semester review

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Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts and their relationships to one another is called
Atoms
The building blocks of all matter are known as
Water
Which survival need accounts for 60 to 80 percent of the body weight?
Labels of respective targets
Stimulus, receptor, input, control center, output, response
Being sick with the flu
Which of the following is an example of homeostatic imbalance
Homeostasis
The body's ability to maintain stable internal conditions is referred to as
Positive feedback system
Blood clotting and the birthing of a baby, and operate in such a way that initial stimulus is enhanced and increases
Palma toward the front
Position of hands in the anatomical position?
Carpal region
Which region is distal to the ante brachial region?
Popliteal
Refers to a body area found on the dorsal surface?
Forward
We imagine a person exhibiting anatomical position, the palms of the hands are assumed to be facing?
Superior (proximal)
The femoral region is ___ to the crural region
Axial art
The armpit area is called the ___ region
Organ
A structure composed of two or more tissue types that performs a specific function for the body is a(n)
Metabolism
refers to all of the chemical reactions in the body.
Reduces the intensity of the initial stimulus
Which of these describes the effect of a negative feedback mechanism?
Stimulus
The net effect of the effector is to shut off the original ___, or reduce its intensity, during the negative feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis
Distal
When correctly situated in anatomical position, where are your feet in relation to your knees
Electrical energy
The movement of ions across the plasma membranes is an example of
Protons in the atomic nucleus
The atomic number of an atom reveals the number of
Neutrons; atomic masses
Isotopes have different numbers of ___; thus they also have different ___.
Adenosine triphosphate
What organic molecule provides a ready source of chemical energy within all cells?
Amino acids
Proteins are synthesized from ___ during synthesis reactions.
Polysaccharides
Glycogen and starch are examples of a specific category of carbohydrates called
Globular (functional)
Enzymes are examples of ___ proteins.
Water
Which of the following is classified as an inorganic compound
Glucose
Which carbohydrate is also known as blood sugar?
Proteins
The organic compounds that function in building tissues and acting as enzymes are the ___
Adenine and thymine
Which of the following DNA base pairs is complementary
Biological catalysts
Enzymes are ____
Cholesterol
The most common steroid is ?
Vitamin D
Which vitamin is produced in skin upon exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation?
Sodium and potassium
In our body, many salty dissociate into their ions. Which ions are essential for nerve impulses
Cell
The structural and functional unit of all living things is the
Mitochondrion
The organelle responsible for making the majority of ATP in a cell is the ___
Tight junctions
The membrane connections that prevent the leaking of fluid between cells are called
Gap junctions
Nutrient me and ions can pass directly from cell to cell through special membrane junctions known as
Water leaves the cells and the cells shrink
What happens when body cells are placed in a hypertonic solution?
Osmosis
The passive process that involves the movement of water through aquaporins is
Active
The movement of substances through the cell membrane against their concentration gradient is a type of ___ process
Aquaporins
Osmosis transports water across membranes using
Phagocytosis and pinocytosis
Two types of endocytosis are
Shrink
A cell is isotonic to its 5% dextrose solution. When moved to a 6% dextrose solution, that cell will
Transcription and translation
The two major phases of protein synthesis are
Apical
Epithelial tissue have one free surface known as the ____ surface
Adipose
____ tissue is commonly called fat
Skeletal muscle
Which of the following is NOT classified as a connective tissue?
Connective tissue
The tissue that is usually well vascularized and has an extensive extra cellular matrix is called
Osseous tissue
Bone is best described as
Dense connective tissue
Jack da tore her Achilles (calcaneal) tendon during a recent track meet. She has injured ___
Movement is involuntary and cells posses striations
Which of these characteristics best describes cardiac muscle tissue
Gap junctions
Intercalated discs found in cardiac muscle tissue are
Smooth muscle tissue
Which tissue performs peristalsis to move substances, such as food, through the hollow organs of the body?
Synovial
The ____ membrane lines the fibrous capsule surrounding joints
Melanin, carotene, hemoglobin
The three pigments that contribute to skin color are
Melanin
Hair color is due to s pigment known as
Impetigo
The staphylococcus infection of the skin that causes pink, water filled, raised lesions is known as
Epidermis and dermis
The two main layers of skin are
Cold sores
Which of the following homeostatic imbalances is caused by a herpes simplex infection
corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, basale
A needle pierces through the epidermal layers of the forearm in the following order
Sebum
Which of the following kills bacteria and prevents bacterial invasions of the skin
Melanoma
What skin disorder is recognized using the ABCD rule
Storage site for calcium
Which is a function of the skeletal system
Hematopoiesis
Blood cell formation is called
Ossification
The process do none formation is known as
Hematoma
First step in bone healing involve the formation of a blood filled swelling known as a(n)
Marrow cavity
Where does hematopoiesis occur
Articulate cartilage
What type of tissue covers the epiphysis of cones and reduces friction in the joints
Comminuted
In what type of fracture is the bone broken into many fragments
Synovial joint
How is ball and socket joint classified
Scapula and humerus
Which home form the shoulder joint
Foramen magnum
The large hole located in the base of the occipital bone that allows the spinal cord and brain to connect is the____
Glenoid cavity
The head of the humerus fits into the ____ of the scapula
Tibia
The shit bone is called the
Articulation (joint)
Two or more bones meet at a location called
Synarthroses
Immovable joints are functionally classified as
Hinge
The elbow is classified as a(n)
Rectus femoris
Which of these muscles extends the knee
deltoid
The prime mover of arm abduction is the ___ muscle
Extension; flexion
The hamstring group is the prime mover of thigh ____ and knee ____
Master and temporalis
Which of the following muscles closes the jaw
Buccinator
Muscle that adults also use for whistling or blowing a trumpet called the
Knee extension
What is the main function of the quadriceps group
Hamstring group
Which muscle group includes the biceps femoris, semi membranous, Semite dinosus