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Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

(SNCC) organization which provided larger roles for younger African Americans regarding Civil Rights and became more militant to receive immediate change

Freedom Rides

sponsored by Congress of Racial Equality, this bus trip from Washington to New Orleans was designed to end segregation on interstate transportation and in public waiting rooms

James Meredith

First African American student at the University of Mississippi; his enrollment caused mass rioting and Kennedy had to order federal marshals to escort him throughout his four years

March on Washington

location of MLK's "I Have a Dream" speech; 250,000 people matching to the nation's capitol in support of civil rights legislation

Voting Rights Act of 1965

prohibited any type of test or tan to restrict voting rights; increased number of elected African American public officials

Watts race riot

Watts was a small neighborhood in Los Angeles, California that was a primarily black community with a white police force; the riot began when two black men were pulled over by a white cop and treated poorly for a minor traffic violation; people did not like and the disturbance turns into a large scale riot that lasts for 6 days; way for the rioters to express their anger and frustration about how they were being discriminated against

Civil Rights Act of 1968

provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin; signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson

Malcolm X

initially preached complete segregation, but views changed to integration when he converted to Islam; was assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam because they disagreed with what he was promoting

Black Muslims

Group that believed African-Americans should separate themselves from white society and not integrate; preached black nationalism, separatism, and self-improvement

Stokely Carmichael

head of SNCC who preached "overtaking white Americans" and preached "Black Power"-pride in history and heritage; create society apart from white society

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