The last study guide was everything form the notes. This set is specifically terms from the study guide made by Mr. Biskar. I would recommend using this set over the other- way less to study!!
Reminder: This information will be in a test on Wednesday as well as a political cartoon on the gilded age which you will have to interpret.
Assassinated President Garfield on July 2nd, 1881 in Union Station Washington City. -He was also a Stalwart -He didn't feel that Garfield gave him his fair share of spoils
-Controlled the railroads -He was a robber baron
Ulysses S. Grant
-A general during Civil War for the North -He was a republican president An honest man but his friends were not: -President during the Credit Moblier scandal
William Marcy Tweed
-Established and controlled New York's Democratic political machine -Tammany Society; headquarters Tammany Hall -Between 1868 and 1871 stole about $200 million from New York City -Tried and convicted, but machine continued
John D. Rockefeller
-Built a fortune in oil -Was able to force sales through bribery and intimidation -Once bribed a mechanic at a refinery to arrange for a small explosion
Rutherford B. Hayes
-Launched an investigation into the New York customs house scandal -Led to reform attempts
William Jennings Bryan
Nominated by the democrats for 1896 election -Supported 'free silver' -With a major issue co-opted, supported by populists His defeat marked the end of the Populist Party.
A phony railroad company from by Union Pacific Railroad's manager which never laid a track
Spoils System/ Patronage
Awarding government jobs to one's political supporters regardless of qualifications; jobs in exchange for party loyalty -City jobs -Work contracts -Exchanged for money or votes
Interstate Commerce Act
-Outlawed many unfair practices of the railroads -Paved the way for more effective regulation in later years
Sherman Antitrust Act
-Failed to define its terms clearly -Attempted to regulate trusts
A company that completely controls the market for one product or service.
Big Business- Who and What Did They Support?
-Supported the republican party -Opposed to regulations and populists -Favored monopolies, trusts, and spoils system
Farmers- Who and What Did They Support?
-Farmers created a movement called Populism -Supported increased money supply using silver -Federal income tax -Regulation of railroads and monopolies -Women's rights and better schools -Direct election of senators -Secret ballot
-Political machines grew out of the patronage system and corruption -Controlled jobs -Demanded kickbacks from contractors and companies wishing to do business with the city
A Native American word meaning 'big chiefs', was a group of Republicans favoring reform -Condemned the spoils system -Wanted to reduce the protective tariff -Replace the spoils system with a civil service
Civil Service Act
Response to Customs House investigation and Garfield assassination Attempted to reform the spoils system: -Set aside about 15,000 federal jobs -To be filled by competitive exam
Civil Service System
-Created by the Civil Service Act
Gild: To cover in a thin layer of either fake or real gold to make things look better than they really are