21 terms

Gilded Age Study Guide- REAL!

The last study guide was everything form the notes. This set is specifically terms from the study guide made by Mr. Biskar. I would recommend using this set over the other- way less to study!! Reminder: This information will be in a test on Wednesday as well as a political cartoon on the gilded age which you will have to interpret.

Terms in this set (...)

Charles Guiteau
Assassinated President Garfield on July 2nd, 1881 in Union Station Washington City.
-He was also a Stalwart
-He didn't feel that Garfield gave him his fair share of spoils
Cornelius Vanderbilt
-Controlled the railroads
-He was a robber baron
Ulysses S. Grant
-A general during Civil War for the North
-He was a republican president
An honest man but his friends were not:
-President during the Credit Moblier scandal
William Marcy Tweed
-Established and controlled New York's Democratic political machine
-Tammany Society; headquarters Tammany Hall
-Between 1868 and 1871 stole about $200 million from New York City
-Tried and convicted, but machine continued
John D. Rockefeller
-Built a fortune in oil
-Was able to force sales through bribery and intimidation
-Once bribed a mechanic at a refinery to arrange for a small explosion
Rutherford B. Hayes
-Launched an investigation into the New York customs house scandal
-Led to reform attempts
William Jennings Bryan
Nominated by the democrats for 1896 election
-Supported 'free silver'
-With a major issue co-opted, supported by populists
His defeat marked the end of the Populist Party.
Credit Mobilier
A phony railroad company from by Union Pacific Railroad's manager which never laid a track
Spoils System/ Patronage
Awarding government jobs to one's political supporters regardless of qualifications; jobs in exchange for party loyalty
-City jobs
-Work contracts
-Exchanged for money or votes
Interstate Commerce Act
-Outlawed many unfair practices of the railroads
-Paved the way for more effective regulation in later years
Sherman Antitrust Act
-Failed to define its terms clearly
-Attempted to regulate trusts
A company that completely controls the market for one product or service.
Big Business- Who and What Did They Support?
-Supported the republican party
-Opposed to regulations and populists
-Favored monopolies, trusts, and spoils system
Farmers- Who and What Did They Support?
-Farmers created a movement called Populism
-Supported increased money supply using silver
-Federal income tax
-Regulation of railroads and monopolies
-Women's rights and better schools
-Direct election of senators
-Secret ballot
Farm Cooperatives - Why Were They Formed
Farmers wanted to control:
-High interest rates
-Property taxes
-Rising shipping costs
Machine Politicians
-Political machines grew out of the patronage system and corruption
-Controlled jobs
-Demanded kickbacks from contractors and companies wishing to do business with the city
A Native American word meaning 'big chiefs', was a group of Republicans favoring reform
-Condemned the spoils system
-Wanted to reduce the protective tariff
-Replace the spoils system with a civil service
Civil Service Act
Response to Customs House investigation and Garfield assassination
Attempted to reform the spoils system:
-Set aside about 15,000 federal jobs
-To be filled by competitive exam
Civil Service System
-Created by the Civil Service Act
Gilded Age
Gild: To cover in a thin layer of either fake or real gold to make things look better than they really are

Behind all of the wealth was a lot of corruption
A group of companies that control an industry