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FDAMF 101 Exam 1
Terms in this set (35)
Which statement correctly describes the theory of mercantilism or the influence of that theory on the economic freedom in England's American colonies?
England granted special economic favors to some people and companies, but not others.
Which statement correctly describes why the end of the French and Indian War was a turning point in the relationship between the government of England and England's colonies in North America?
England began to tighten her hold on the colonists and subject them to a swift succession of new tax policies and regulatory measures.
Which statement describes some characteristics of true liberty as we should understand it?
Freedom and rights must be balanced with responsibility, restraint, order, and stability.
Which of the following is true?
Colonists considered themselves subjects of the English crown from the start.
The difference between the patriot philosophers and the patriot rebels was:
the patriot philosophers wrote and spoke more about the theory of independence.
Each of the following except one represents a basic natural right that would have been discussed in the serious political writings of colonial times. Choose the one that is NOT true.
The right to absolute social and economic equality.
Which of the following choices gives in the correct order the cyclical relationship of tyranny and anarchy as it was presented in class?
tryanny --> revolt and rebellion --> anarchy --> quest for order and stability --> tyranny
When the Founders spoke of "democratic or republican principles," they envisioned:
a spirit of commonwealth--of government responding to the common good of the people.
Which of the following statements correctly describes a characteristic of French colonization in America?
They brought with them a structured, authoritarian philosophy of government.
Which of the following things would have been included in the Founders' view of the positive side of man's self-interest?
It leads to individual initiative and makes human actions predictable.
Which Act by Parliament represented the first attempt to raise money directly through a new tax:
the Stamp Act
Which of the following is NOT considered to be a necessary principle that must be embraced by the people if Rule of Law is to exist?
Liberty is free for every person.
Benjamin Franklin, 1766 - "Examination Before the House of Commons." Choose the statement of phrase that would NOT have been said by Franklin.
If the Stamp Tax is modified, the American people will submit to it, and if the Stamp Act is repealed, the American people will acknowledge Parliament's right to tax them.
Based on the portion of Sir William Blackstone's description of natural law given in the notebook, which statement is true?
No human laws are of any validity if contrary to the laws of nature.
Which statement correctly describes the principles and values that people must embrace if Rule of Law is to exist in society?
There is no way to force liberty - people must voluntarily espouse the principles of liberty.
According to the principle of Provident Living/Self Reliance taught by Spencer W. Kimball, the Church's responsibility to help members comes:
Which of the following statements is true about the specific policies enacted by the British government after the French and Indian War?
The Tea Act of 1773 granted the East India Company of England a virtual monopoly for the sale of tea in the colonies.
Which of the following statements is true of the situation in the colonies before 1763?
The colonists retained strong economic ties with England and believed in England's traditions of liberty.
What was there about democracy as a form of government that worried the Founding Fathers?
A democracy is plagued by its own excesses - it is too subject to the passions of the people.
The pamphlet Common Sense was written by:
Which of the following correctly describes something the colonists understood about the British constitution?
It created a "balanced government" in which power was divided among the traditional social classes--the royal family, the aristocracy, and the common people.
Which statement correctly describes why economic freedom and political freedom were so closely linked together in the minds of the Founding generation?
If economic freedom unlocks man's genius and initiative, wouldn't political freedom do the same thing?
The economic system of mercantilism:
sought to develop national power.
How would you describe the relationship between the colonists and England before 1750?
The colonists were proud and happy to be part of the British Empire.
In response to the Stamp Act and other acts of Parliament, the colonies united for the first time as a Congress in 1765. Which of the following correctly describes the resolutions of the Stamp Act Congress?
Delegates appealed to their rights as Englishmen to protest the direct tax of the Stamp Act and restated their allegiance to the Crown.
As understood by the patriot philosophers, a republic could be characterized as a government in which:
1) The people elect representatives and the representatives make the law.
The excesses and passions of the people are better filtered than in a democracy.
Democratic and republican principles could be fostered in a small geographic area.
All of the above.
The principle that the United States is the proper host nation for the restoration of the gospel is supported by which of the following?
Without the Lord's help in establishing the United States, it would have been impossible to restore the gospel under the bigotry of existing monarchical governments.
According to John Adams in 1774 (notice the date):
Americans had become committed republicans almost overnight.
According to President Marion G. Romney, what happens when Rule of Law breaks down?
Which of the following cultures most affected the cultural development of colonial America?
Each of the following statements except one describes why the results of tyranny and anarchy are so similar in their effects on people. Choose the one that is NOT true
In both situations, life becomes more predictable, meaningful, and rational.
Which of the following was not included in D&C 134 as a right that should be protected by the government?
Freedom from want.
Which statement correctly describes how the Radical Whig literature of England affected the American colonists' attitude toward liberty?
The ideas about liberty and the rights of the people contained in this literature became part of the mainstream thinking of the colonies.
Which of the following statements is true about tyranny or anarchy?
Anarchy is defined as no rule by anyone; no law, no order.
Because of their British heritage, most early colonists had a strong commitment to the principle of the rule of law:
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