The Interior Plains: A. Central Plains: fertile, _______ hills. B. ________ Plains: dry, flat lands.
A. rolling B. Great
Settling the Central Plains A. ___________ 1. First ___________ to explore & settle this region 2. Came from ___________ 3. Fur traders & trading __________.
A. The French 1. Europeans 2. Canada 3. posts
Settling the Central Plains B. Changes due to the Louisiana ________(1803) 1. The plains region now belonged to the _____ _____ 2. American settlers headed into the Central _________ a. Traveled in _________ b. Went across the _______ an area of flat or rolling land covered mostly with wildflowers & grasses.
B. Purchase 1. United States 2. Plains a. wagons b. prairie
Life in the Great Plains A. _____________Act of 1862-- encouraged settlement on the Great Plains 1. Land given away for ______ under this law a. To a head of a family over the age of ______ b. Given ______ acres c. Must live on land for _______ years and make _____________ 2, The government also gave _______ on the Great Plains to the _____________. ____________ travel would later help more people settle there.
A. Homestead 1. free a. 21 b. 160 c. 5 improvements 2. land railroads train
Life in the Great Plains B. Pioneer houses 1. Made of _______, a layer of soil held together by ________ of grasses. 2. Very __________ 3. Did not burn easily (danger=prairie _______) 4. Had problems: damp and _______ with _________ roofs
1. sod roots 2. warm 3. fires 4. dirty leaky
Life in the Great Plains C. Pioneers had to be ________________ able to do most everything for yourself, with no help 1. Homes on the Great Plains were often a long way from towns and ___________. 2. Neighbors could be _________ away.
C. self-sufficient 1. stores 2. miles
IV. Plains Indians (the Sioux) A. During the 1600's the Sioux settled where _______ ____________ and _________ _____________ are today. B. Learned to _________, or fit their ways of _________, to new environment.
A. North Dakota South Dakota B. adapt living
The Sioux Indians live in ___________
Tepees are cone-shaped tents made of _______ covered with animal __________
Tepees were easy to ____________
The Indians were always on the move, following the ____________.
The Sioux caught and tamed _________to hunt the buffalo.
The Sioux used buffalo to meet their needs: 1. meat for ________ 2. made tepees, ________, & __________ 3. used bone for tools and ____________ 4. made fuel in the form of __________ ___________.