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Portman Religion Final
Terms in this set (101)
An anticipation of something we do not yet have, which causes an emptiness inside and a yearning to be fulfilled. This reality seeks fulfillment.
To be with others in empathy, focusing on others instead or ourselves.
To allow other people to share a common goal, rather than trying to do everything ourselves and get all the recognition for it.
To do good for others. Doing something that benefits someone else.
Most important, or highest priority.
Finding fulfillment through being successful, powerful, popular, or better than others.
To feel what someone else is feeling; to identify with or understand the situation of another person by "walking a mile in his shoes."
Complete or guaranteed, with no conditions, limitations, or strings attached.
Can be perceived through the five senses.
Goodness or rightness; giving someone his due, or giving someone what is owned.
To desire the good for someone else so much that it becomes easier to do good for that other person that it is to do good for yourself
finding fulfillment through material possessions and physical things
The aim or goal toward which someone is striving. The reason for which something is done or created.
The fulfillment of a desire
Feeling like we belong to the universe, like we are at home in the cosmos, like we are at peace with everything that exists.
The 4th level of happiness; comes from believing, receiving and participating in serious ultimate Truth, Beauty, Love, Justice and Unity.
One of the "five transcendentals," searching for the absolute correct belief regarding serious life issues and questions.
"Harmony of form," one of the 5 transcendentals.
To transcend, or to go beyond physical reality.
Higher levels of happiness, experienced through "the heart" rather than through the physical sense.
A difficult time, or turning point, when a serious challenge happens, and a critical decision may need to take place.
A vocation is a call from God and it has nothing to do with a response on our part (T/F)
Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist
the sacraments of initiation, the foundation of Christian life and are the universal call to holiness.
priest, prophet, and king
By virtue of my baptism, I have been called to minister as a ........
Australian psychotherapist, a writer of the bestselling book Man's Search for Meaning, and a Jewish man who survived being a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp.
Logotherapy was a type of therapy that Dr. Frankl developed to help people emotionally heal from traumatic life experiences (T/F)
We are called by God to know, love and serve God in this life and be happy with God in the next life (T/F)
called by God to be the father of the Jewish people and the father of our faith, he was also called to leave his father's land and build a new nation.
In Hebrew Scriptures the prophet Jeremiah was unlike Abraham; Jeremiah responded to God call right away, whereas Abraham hesitated to respond to God out of fear. (T/F)
responds to God's call with great faith, agrees to be the mother of God even though she could have been stoned to death for being pregnant without marriage, and was engaged to a carpenter named Joseph.
It calls us from darkness to light, or from sin to salvation, it calls us to discipleship in Christ, by virtue we are called to know, love and serve God, and by virtue we are called into the priestly, prophetic, kingly ministries of Christ.
Through the Sacrament of Confirmation, the Holy Spirit strengthens our faith and deepens the grace we received in Baptism. (T/F)
unconditional love, self-giving love and serving love.
In the Gospel John, the type of love we see jesus offering is an example of loving service, especially when he models washing the feet of his disciples before the last supper. (T/F)
In the Gospel Mark, based on the Shermah, Jesus reminds us to "love my neighbor as myself (T/F)
In Matthew's Gospel, Jesus demands that we must love our enemies and pray for those who persecute us (T/F)
In the Gospel Luke, Jesus emphasizes that the best neighbor is who treats others with mercy (T/F)
As disciples of Jesus, in order to effectively love others, we must have a healthy respect and love for ourselves (T/F)
Whatever our vocation or state in life, we are called to live and develop relationships that reflect the loving relationships of the trinity (T/F)
"The People of God." is another name for...
the baptized catholics who have not received the sacrament of Holy Orders, the laity, lay people.
Laypeople are called to be in the world in the sense that it is their vocation to participate fully in the goodness of ordinary daily life and to be lights for those who don't know God and need him (T/F)
On the other hand, Christian lay people are called to be not of the world meaning they are not meant to regard themselves simply as citizens of secular society without morals/values (T/F)
Christians are called to share in Christ's ministers as priests, prophets and kings by what sacrament?
Single life should never be considered a vocation (T/F)
A job, career, profession and vocation basically mean the same thing (T/F)
a call from God
The word in Latin meaning "To hand on", this process refers to the passing on of the Gospel message. It is handed down and lived out in the life of the Church.
The teachings of Jesus during the sermon on the Mount on which he describes the actions and attitudes that should characterize how we should live and find meaning and happiness
The work of salvation accomplished by Jesus through his Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension
Age of Reason
The age at which a person can be morally responsible, generally regarded to be the age of seven.
perfumed oil that has been consecrated.
one who states/lives God's message when it's not popular or even dangerous (Jeremiah, John the Baptist and Dr. King were examples of this type of ministry)
one who leads prayer, prays for and with others, and one who basically sacrifices herself to lead others to God.
One who humbly serves God and God's children , even if the service is challenging or difficult
The action of proclaiming the Good News of Jesus Christ through words and witness.
The christian person's activity that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church when she works to extend the Kingdom of God to the entire world.
A priest or person who is experienced and knowledgeable about faith, prayer and spiritually helps others grow in their relationships with God.
The grace that heals our human nature and wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God.
Special Graces given by the holy spirit to individuals or communities, that help us live out our commitment to a state in life. This term comes from the Greek word meaning "favor" or "gift".
The New Testament Greek word we translate to Church.
Always Our Children
a Pastoral written by the US Bishops to the Parents of Homosexual Children. 1997 Pastoral Letter offering instruction on the essential importance and value of loving and respecting our homosexual brothers and sisters.
the moral law that can be understood through our intellect and use of reason.
our God-given instinct to be in right relationship with God, other people, the world, and ourselves.
the Old Testament books of Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, Sirach, and the Wisdom of Solomon
the worship of false gods.
a personal, solemn promise of faithful love that involves mutual commitments.
a legal agreement
an agreement based on love
a Jewish sect at the time of Jesus; very legalistic.
something related to marriage or a marriage ceremony
Family of Origin
the family in which one was raised as a child.
Family of Origin
played a significant role in one's childhood and youth
from the Catholic perspective, having sexual relations or not according to one is state in life
Natural Family Planning
a morally acceptable way to time pregnancies based on the observation of a woman's naturally occurring times of fertility and infertility.
special permission to depart from the usual requirements in a given circumstance.
Of Human Life; 1968 Encyclical by Pope Paul VI.
a wedding ceremony in which a man and woman in a civil marriage have their marital union recognized and blessed by the Church
Disparity of Cult
a marriage between a baptized Catholic and a non-baptized person.
a marriage between a Catholic and a baptized non-Catholic
his or her spouse, any children a couple may have, and our faith and world/society.
An important part of the theology behind the Sacrament of Matrimony that has to do with each person in the couple becoming a sign of God's love for
Catholics don't believe in love and romance, friendships can help a couple be more free to be themselves, they share common likes, interests and values, and they can learn to care about one another's well being in a real way.
According to the text, a Catholic's dating relationship should be built on solid principles of friendship because...
Have you come freely and without reservation to give yourselves in marriage? Will you accept children lovingly? and Will you love each other for the rest of your lives?
A priest or deacon asks these questions to a couple prior to their wedding vows and also at their wedding
A Catholic is never allowed to marry a non-Catholic (T/F)
Meet with your parish priest
Set a date
Marriage preparation and planning the Liturgy
What are the steps needed to plan a wedding?
(False) - a couple should desire God's special eucharistic blessing of love, care and guidance at the moment as well as throughout their lives together.
A Eucharistic celebration is discouraged when a couple gets married (T/F)
Matrimony is a Sacrament at the Service of Communion. (T/F)
Sacrament at the service of communion
it promotes the salvation of others and serves to build up the church.
the way a couple will die to selfishness and rise to loving and serving each other as Christ would die out of love for His Church.
Marriage reflects God's love for the Church by...
From a Catholic perspective, marriage is not a vocation. (T/F)
What responsibilities do married couples have toward each other? toward the children they may have? toward the wider Church community?
The responsibilities that married couples have are to give themselves to each other wholly and without reserve. They share their hopes/dreams, and live around one another. They have to remain faithful and bring one another closer to God. They are called to sacrifices and growth in holiness. The responsibilities they have towards their children would be to educate, love, respect, and lead by example. They have to fulfill their child's physical, emotional, and spiritual needs. Lastly, their responsibility towards the wider Church community is to be a symbol of God's love. Once with a family, they are called to pray, appreciate, encourage, and act in creating a supportive environment.
Briefly describe the spirituality of married life.
The spirituality of married life is around God's love for his people and Church. With this, we can see Heaven and love another as God love us. God loves humanity, and Christ loves the Church. This gives us a glimpse of (Heaven and) the love and happiness we will receive when entering.
Describe the Church's teaching on the permanence of marriage, and explain how this teaching factors into the Church's practice regarding divorce and annulment.
The Church's teaching on the permanence of marriage is that you freely bind yourself to the one you love. It is a solemn commitment, a lifelong union, and bond as long as the other is alive. These go into the teaching factors on divorce and annulment because divorce is growing, but the Church thinks that couples should just work through their problems. They call for an emphasis on the importance of family. With annulment, the Church will consider whether the content of the marriage existed or if it was an impediment. You first must have a civil marriage without a declaration of nullity commit the sin of adultery and are a source of scandal for others.
What does it mean for a married couple to be open to new life? Why is this openness a serious obligation for all married couples?
For a married couple to be open to new life means that they are willing to go through it all together! They need to be open to the idea of having children, and having a family and love one another full-heartedly. They must sustain from using contraception, and rather can participate in NFP (Natural Family Planning). It is God's plan for married couples to reproduce and educate their children as they are children of God. This is a serious obligation because this is a commitment to themselves and their faith as they bring a new child of God to the Earth.
What is NFP, and how is it different from contraception?
NFP is Natural Family Planning. It recognizes a woman's natural fertile and infertile periods of their cycle. This is so that her and her husband don't always have children all the time, but instead are still open to having them. It just plans when to. NFP is used as an aid to achieve pregnancy, when they are ready. NFP was created still within God's design. It is different from contraception because contraception actively gets ride of the potential for life.
Name three responsibilities parents have toward their children. How do these relate to the idea of the family as the domestic Church?
Three responsibilities parents have toward their children is to love them unconditionally. They must also show respect, support, and encouragement. Parents must show their support emotionally and physically. They also must educate their children in every aspect of their lives, including faithful.
Doing this relates back to the domestic church because it helps to grow in their child's relationship with God and unite in prayer and practice living the virtues. In all, the family as the domestic church is when all members grow in relationships with God, prayer, and virtues. They (parents) encourage their children to do this as well, and the children respect them because of their authority. Family life should be marked by a communion of love. We are all family in Christ.
In vitro Fertilization
The fertilization of a woman's ovum (egg) with a man's sperm outside her body. The fertilized egg is transferred to the woman's uterus. The Church considers the process to be a moral violation of the dignity of procreation.
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy by killing the unborn child. It is a grave sin and a crime against human life.
The deliberate attempt to interfere with the creation of new life as a result of sexual intercourse. It is morally wrong because a married couple must remain open to procreation whenever they engage in sexual intercourse.
The declaration by the Church that a marriage is null and void, that is, it never existed as a sacramental union. Catholics who divorce must have the marriage annulled by the Church to be free to marry once again in the Church.
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