32 terms


Excise Tax
Hamiltonian economic measure repealed by Jefferson and Gallatin
Action Jefferson took toward Republican "martyrs" convicted under the Federalist Sedition Law
Midnight Judges
Derogatory Republican term for Federalist judges appointed at the last minute by President Adams
Marbury vs. Madison
Precedent-setting Supreme Court case in which Marshall dismissed a Federalist judge's suit but also declared part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional
Judicial Review
The principle, established by Chief Justice Marshall in a famous case, that the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional
Action voted by the House of Representatives against Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase and feared by Chief Justice Marshall
Branch of military service that Jefferson considered least threatening to liberty and most necessary to suppressing the Barbary states
Santo Domingo
Sugar-rich island where Toussaint L'Ouverture's slave rebellion disrupted Napoleon's
Oregon Country
Territory beyond Louisiana, along the Columbia River, explored by Lewis and Clark
Price paid by the United States for the Louisiana Purchase
The Chesapeake
American ship fired on by British in 1807, nearly leading to war between the two countries
Embargo Act
Jefferson's policy of forbidding the shipment of any goods in or out of the United States
War Hawks
Militantly nationalistic western congressmen who were eager for hostilities with the Indians, Canadians, and British
The Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle in 1811 where General Harrison defeated the Indian warriors Tecumseh and the Prophet
Mr. Madison's War
Derisive Federalist name for the War of 1812 that blamed it on the Republican president
Thomas Jefferson
Strong believer in strict construction, weak government, and antimilitarism who was forced to modify some of his principles in office
Albert Gallatin
Swiss-born treasury secretary who disliked national debt but kept most Hamiltonian economic measures in effect
John Marshall
Federalist Supreme Court justice whose brilliant legal efforts established the principle of judicial review
Marbury vs. Madison
Ruling based on a "midnight judge" case that established the right of the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional
Samuel Chase
Federalist Supreme Court justice impeached by the House in 1804 but acquitted by the Senate
Pasha of Tripoli
North African leader who fought an undeclared war with the United States from 1801 to 1805
Napoleon Bonaparte
French ruler who acquired Louisiana from Spain only to sell it to the United States
Robert Livingston
American minister to Paris who joined James Monroe in making a magnificent real estate deal
Toussaint L' Ouverture
Gifted black revolutionary whose successful slave revolution indirectly led to Napoleon's sale of Louisiana
Lewis & Clark
Explorers who crossed the Louisiana Purchase territory and went on to Oregon and the Pacific coast
Aaron Burr
Former vice-president, killer of Alexander Hamilton, and plotter of mysterious secessionist schemes
Chesapeake Affair
British attack on American sailors that aroused angry demands for war
Embargo Act of 1807
Restrictive trade policy that hurt Britain but hurt American shippers and farmers even more
Shawnee leader who organized a major Indian confederation against U.S. expansion
Henry Clay
Leader of Congressional "War Hawks" who pushed for the War of 1812
William Henry Harrison
Military leader who defeated Tecumseh's brother, "the Prophet," at the Battle of Tippecanoe
William Clark
Young army officer who joined Jefferson's personal secretary in exploring the Louisiana Purchase & Oregon country