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2nd Period Exam Anatomy
Terms in this set (30)
During growth of a long bone, what is the site of growth in length?
What is the smooth, rounded end of a bone where it forms a joint?
How many vertebrae are in the lumbar section of the vertebral column?
What is the smallest particle into which an element can be divided using conventional chemical means?
What is a molecule that consists of two or more different kinds of atoms?
What bond forms when atoms share electrons?
What 'energy currency' is synthesized using energy from the breakdown of food molecules?
Give an example of a polysaccharide.
glycogen OR starch
Enzymes function by having a __________ ___________ that allows them to bind to reactants.
What part of a neuron receives information and carries it to the cell body?
What are the gaps between Schwann cells called?
nodes of Ranvier
What are the clusters of nerve cell bodies located in the PNS?
What part of the brain regulates heart rate, breathing, swallowing, coughing, and sneezing?
the medulla oblongata
What are the raised folds on the surface of each cerebral hemisphere?
What is the deep groove that separates the right and left cerebral hemispheres of the brain?
Put these in order from smallest to largest: cell, organelle, organ, organism, tissue, organ system
organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
An increase in blood pressure activates mechanisms that decrease blood pressure.
Is this an example of a positive or negative feedback mechanism?
What separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity?
What is the purpose of the fluid found between serous membrane layers?
to reduce friction
How much blood is in the human body?
What is a detached clot or substance that floats through the circulatory system and becomes lodged in a blood vessel?
What type of blood is the universal donor?
type O blood (specifically type O-)
What type of blood is the universal recipient?
type AB blood (specifically type AB+)
What is given to prevent hemolytic disease in a newborn?
What is the condition in which a muscle remains contracted between stimuli without relaxing?
What is the purpose of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase?
to break down acetylcholine
What high-energy molecule can be used to quickly produce ATP?
glucose OR creatine phosphate
What part of the diencephalon is an endocrine gland that may influence puberty?
pineal body OR infundibulum
What type of epithelium has multiple layers of tall, thin cells?
What type of muscle tissue has cells that are tapered at each end, unstraited, and have a single nucleus?
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