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Cleft Lip

Defect in the upper lip of variable degree, as a result of a developmental disturbances.

Cleft Palate

Defect in hard palate allowing communication between oral cavity and nasal cavity, as a result of a developmental disturbance.


Bony structure of the tooth.

Dental Plaque

Masses of bacteria, bacterial products, and salivary proteins adherent to teeth, which predisposes to tooth decay.


Tooth decay.

Cavity (dental)

A loss of tooth structure caused by the combined action of mouth bacteria and organic acid derived from bacterial fermentation of retained food particles.


Inflammation of the oral cavity.

Reflux Esophagitis

Inflammation of the lining of the esophagus caused by reflux of acidic gastric secretions through an incompetent lower gastroesophageal sphincter.


Inflammation of the intestine.


Inflammation of the colon, such as chronic ulcerative colitis.

Gastric Bypass

An operation to treat massive obesity in which the capacity of the stomach is reduced.

Adjustable Gastric Banding

A method for treating obesity by applying an adjustable gastric band to the stomach in order to reduce its capacity, thereby promoting weight loss.


An outpouching from an organ, as from the mucosa of the colon, which projects through the muscular wall.


A condition characterized by an outpouching of the colonic mucosa through weak areas in the muscular wall.


An inflammation of a diverticulum.


Bands of fibrous tissue that form subsequent to an inflammation, and bind adjacent tissues together.


A protrusion of a loop of bowel through a narrow opening, usually in the abdominal wall.


A rotary twisting of the intestine on its mesentery, with obstruction of the blood supply to the twisted segment.


A telescoping of one segment of bowel into an adjacent segment.

Imperforate Anus

Congenital absence of anal opening with absence of distal rectum as well.


Varicosities of anal and rectal veins.

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