25 terms

ENG 470 - Poetry Terms

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Sonnet
lyric poem of 14 iambic-pentameter lines
Quatrain
four-line stanza
Trochee
foot of two syllables, the first accented, the second unaccented
End-stopped
lines that end with a natural break in the syntax, indicated by punctuation
Assonance
recurrence of vowel sounds in nearby stressed syllables
Octave
first eight lines of an Italian sonnet
Stanza
Group of lines constituting a section of a poem
Masculine Rhyme
rhyme consisting of one syllable
Iamb
a foot a two syllables, the first unaccented, the second accented
Couplet
a pair of rhymed lines
Pyrrhic
foot consisting of two unstressed syllables
Heroic couplet
couplet in iambic pentameter
Blank verse
un-rhymed iambic pentameter
Enjambment
lines whose ends break up a grammatical unity (subject/verb or verb/object)
Feminine Rhyme
rhyming sounds that include more than one syllable
Spondee
foot consisting of two stressed syllables
Foot
repetitive unit in a line of poetry
Volta
the turn of thought or argument between an octave and sestet
Alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of stressed syllables
Anapest
3-syllable foot consisting of two unaccented, followed by one accented
English sonnet
sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a couplet
Sestet
last six lines of a Petrachan sonnet
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds at the end of nearby stressed syllables
Dactyl
3-syllable foot consisting of an accented followed by two unaccented
Italian sonnet
sonnet consisting of an octave followed by a sestet
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