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30 terms

Chapter 34

STUDY
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London Economic Conference
International economic conference on stabilizing currency sabotaged
by FDR.
the Philippines
Nation to which the U.S. promised independence in the Tydings-
McDuffie Act of 1934.
Good Neighbor policy
FDR's repudiation of Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe
Doctrine, stating his intention to work cooperatively with Latin
American nations.
Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, 1937, 1939
A series of laws enacted by Congress in the mid-1930s that attempted
to prevent any American involvement in future overseas wars
Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939
Conflict between the rebel Fascist forces of General Franco and the
Loyalist government that caused a major test of U.S. neutrality
legislation.
Quarantine Speech
Roosevelt's 1937 speech that proposed strong U.S. measures against
overseas aggressors.
Munich Conference of 1938
European diplomatic conference in 1938 where Britain and France
practice unsuccessful "appeasement" of Hitler.
Appeasement
Term for the British-French policy of attempting to prevent war by
granting German demands.
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
Leading American group advocating support for Britain's fight against
Hitler.
America First Committee
Leading isolationist group, which advocated that America focus on
continental defense and non-involvement with the European war
Lend-Lease Bill
Controversial 1941 law that made America the "arsenal of
democracy" by providing supposedly temporary military material
assistance to Britain.
Kristallnacht
A devastating night of Nazi attacks on Jewish businesses and
synagogues that signaled a deepening of anti-Semitism and caused
revulsion in the United States.
Atlantic Charter
U.S.-British agreement of August 1941 to promote democracy and
establish a new international organization for peace.
Rueben Jones
U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in
October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men.
Pearl Harbor
Major American Pacific naval base destroyed in a surprise attack in
December 1941.
Cordell Hull
FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America
Adolf Hitler
Fanatical fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the United States to abandon its neutrality
Benito Mussolini
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethiopia and joined the war against France and Britain
Gerald Nye
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated World War I munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Francisco Franco
Fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Abraham Lincoln brigade
Young American volunteers who went to fight for Loyalist Spain against Franco's Spanish fascist rebels
Czechoslovakia
Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich
Poland
East European nation whose September 1939 invasion by Hitler set off World War II in Europe
France
Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the United States closer to direct aid to Britain
Charles A. Lindbergh
Leader of the America First organization and chief spokesman for U.S. isolationism
Wendell Wilkie
Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Wniston Churchill
Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Joseph Stalin
Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941
Iceland
North Atlantic nation near whose waters U.S. destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack
Hawaii
Site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating surprise attack on the United States