Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Students will utilize Quizlet to help them review for the South America unit criterion referenced test.

Andes Mountains

Home of the Incas; the world's longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America

Roads and Messengers

Communication throughout the Incan Empire depended on these two things.

Terraces and Irrigation

The Incas could farm in the mountains because of these two techniques.


These people believed in mummification, they believed that the Sun God was the most important god, and they believed in reincarnation. They did NOT believe in Christianity.

Characteristics of the Incas

The Inca used llamas as pack animals, for food, and for clothing. The Incan government controlled all aspects of the Incas lives. The Incas grew over 3 hundred varieties of potatoes. The Inca did NOT build buildings out of huge logs.

Francisco Pizzaro

This conquistador came to South America in search of gold and glory. He conquered the Incas, stole their gold, and murdered the Incan ruler Atahualpa.

Conquered by the Spaniards

What caused the fall of the Incan Empire?

Farming collapsed Incans starved.

After the fall of the Incan Empire, how were the lives of the Incas changed?

Hunt for whales

The Inca continue their ancient traditions today. They still make colorful weavings, they still weave boats out of reeds, they still trade at markets. But they do NOT _________.

Disease and Starvation

After the Spanish conquest of the Incas, over half of the Incas died as a result of these two things.

Atacama Desert

This desert in Chile is one of the driest deserts in the world

Andes Mountains

This mountain range is the longest in the world. This mountain range is NOT the oldest mountain range in the world. This mountain range extends along the western coast of South America. The Incas lived there.

Amazon Basin

This region of South America contains the largest river system in the world. NOTE: It does not however contain the longest river in the world. This region also provides HUGE amounts of oxygen to the world due to the density of the rainforest.

El Nino

A weather phenomenon that can affect weather patterns throughout the world.

The System of Rivers

This system (of geography) provides transportation, hydroelectic power, and water for crops in South America


The main culture represented in the country of Brazil


The main language spoken throughout South America (except for Brazil)

Yerba Mate

This is a traditional tea-like drink that is commonly drank in South America


One of the most popular celebrations in South America.


The major agricultural product of Argentina


Use numbered map: What number identifies the country of Brazil?


Use numbered map: What number represents the Andes Mountains?


Which number on the map represents the compass rose?


Use numbered map: What number represents the Amazon Basin?


Use numbered map: What number represents the Caribbean Sea?


Use numbered map: What number represents the Pacific Ocean?


Use numbered map: What number represents the Atlantic Ocean?


Use numbered map: What number represents the country of Columbia?


Which number on the map represents the map scale?


Use numbered map: What number represents the country of Argentina?


Increased land for development and farming, loss of homes for native people, and a decrease in oxygen released into the atmosphere are ALL effects of this


These geographical features create a constant threat to the people who live nearby them

Central America

The region between Mexico and South America is called this

Western Hemisphere

Most of South America is located in this hemisphere

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording