The 28th President of the United States, Democrat Woodrow Wilson defeated President Taft in the 1912 election after former President Teddy Roosevelt split the Republican vote. Wilson was a progressive Democrat whose reforms included the Federal Reserve Act, the Federal Trade Commission Act, the Clayton Antitrust Act, and the creation of the first income tax under the 16th Amendment. Reelected on a promise to keep the US out of World War I, Wilson led the US into the war after the interception of the Zimmerman Telegram and Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare. After the war, which Wilson saw as "the war to end all wars," Wilson proposed his "Fourteen Points" for peace, including the creation of a League of Nations, but he suffered a debilitating stroke while campaigning for the passage of the Treaty of Versailles (after which his wife mostly ran the country). Wilson's notable blind spot was on racial issues: he praised the Ku Klux Klan, endorsed the segregation of the military, and appointed Cabinet Secretaries who segregated their federal departments (including the post office).