How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

18 terms

The special senses

STUDY
PLAY
accommodation
the process by which the eye's lens change shape to focus near or far objects on the retina
cochlea
a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear through which sound waves trigger nerve impulses
fovea
the center of color vision & site of sharpest vision
gustation
sense of taste
iris
muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil
macula
a yellowish central area of the retina where the image arrives after passing through the lens
nociceptors
Pain receptors which are found everywhere in the body except for the brain.
olfaction
sense of smell
proprioception
the ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts
pupil
contractile aperture in the iris of the eye
retina
the light-sensitive membrane covering the back wall of the eyeball
sclera
tough, fibrous, white outer coat extending from the cornea to the optic nerve
labyrinth
a maze
lacrimal
Pertaining to tears
tympanum
the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
incus
one of the three bones of the middle ear shaped like a anvil
stapes
the auditory ossicle known as the stirrup
malleus
the ossicle attached to the eardrum