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40 terms

South Asia

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subcontinent
A large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent.
caste
Social class based on a person's ancestry.
outcaste
In Hinduism, a group that is so beneath the castes that it belongs to no caste and is assigned by society to do the dirtiest and most degrading work, such as picking up garbage and tanning animal hides to make leather. Also called untouchables.
Hinduism
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms.
Buddhism
A world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
reincarnation
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding
Siddartha Guatama
Founder of Buddhism
Mohandas Gandhi
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
Himalayas
The highest mountains in the world, which stretch along northern India, separating it from the rest of Asia.
Mount Everest
The tallest mountain in the world at 29,035 feet.
Khyber Pass
Mountain pass that allows entry into India.
New Dehli
The capital of India.
Jawaharlal Nehru
The first Prime Minister of India.
Jainism
A religion founded in India in the 6th century BC, whose members believe that everything in the universe has a soul and therefore should not be harmed
Sikhism
Religion founded by Nanak that blended Islamic and Hindu beliefs.
Taj Mahal
A beautiful tomb in Agra, India, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Mumbai
Bombay
Diwali
The Hindu Festival of Lights.
Hindi
The most widely used language of India.
cottage industry
Small-scale manufacturing that can be carried on at home by family members using their own equipment
jute
Plant fiber used for making rope, burlap bags, and carpet backing
monsoon
Seasonal winds.
rice
The staple crop of South Asia.
polytheism
Belief in many gods
Indus
Major river of Pakistan.
Ganges
Sacred river of India.
Islamabad
The capital of Pakistan.
Urdu
The official language of Pakistan.
cyclone
An intense tropical storm with high winds and heavy rains.
Dhaka
The capital of Bangladesh.
Kathmandu
The capital of Nepal.
Thimphu
The capital of Bhutan.
dzongs
Buddhist centers of prayer and study.
Sri Lanka
Brilliant Land.
Sinhalese
They are the main ethnic group of Sri Lanka. Most of the _____ are Buddhists
Tamils
Hindu minority trying to achieve independence in Buddhist dominated Sri Lanka
Colombo
The capital of Sri Lanka.
Lagoon
Shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
Atoll
An island consisting of a circular coral reef surrounding a lagoon
Bhutan
Land of the Thunder Dragon