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45 terms

World Geo Chapters 8-10

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Cordilera
Parallel chains or ranges of mountains
Altiplano
spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle by the Andes peak
Escarpment
steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface
Llano
fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela
Pampas
grassy treeless plains of southern South America
Gaucho
cowhands of Argentina and Uruguay
Hydroelectric power
electrical energy generated by falling water
Estuary
an area where the tide meets a river current
Canopy
top layer of a rain forest, where the tops of tall trees forma continuous layer of leaves
Tierra caliento
Spanish for 'hot land'; the lowest altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates
Tierra templada
Spanish for 'temperate land' ; the middle altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates
Tierra fria
Spanish for 'cold land' ; the highest altitude zone of the Latin American highland climates
Indigenous
native to a place
Dialect
local form of a language used in a particular place or by a certain group
Patois
dialects that blend elements of indigenous, European, African, and Asian languages
Urbanization
the movement of people from rural areas into cities
Megacity
cities with more than 10 million people
Primate City
a city that dominates a country's economy, culture and government and in which population in concentrated; usually the capital city
Glyph
picture writing carved in stone
Chinampas
floating farming islands made by the Aztec
Quipu
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep financial records
Conquistador
Spanish term for 'conqueror' referring to soldiers who conquered Native Americans in Latin America
Viceroy
representative of the Spanish monarch appointed to enforce laws in colonial Latin America
Caudillo
a Latin American political leader from the late 1800's on, often a military dictator
Syncretism
a blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into one faith
Mural
wall painting
Mosaic
picture or design made with small pieces of colored stone, glass, shell or tile
Extended family
household made up of several generations of family members
Malnutrition
faulty or inadequate nutrition
Futbol
Spanish term for soccer
Jai alai
traditional handball-type game popular with Mexicans and Cubans
Export
commodities sent from one country to another for purposes of trade
Campesino
farm workers; generally people who live and work in rural areas
Latifundia
in Latin America, large agricultural estates owned by families or corporations
Minifundia
in Latin America, small farms that produce food chiefly for family use
Cash crop
farm crop grown to be sold or traded rather than used by the farm family
Developing country
country in the process of becoming industrialized
Service industry
business that provides a service instead of making goods
Maquiladora
in Mexico, manufacturing plants set up by foreign firms
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
trade agreement made in 1994 by Canada, US and Mexico
Sustainable development
technological and economic growth that does not deplete the human and natural resources of a give area
Deforestation
the loss or destruction of forests, mainly for logging or farming
Slash-and-burn
traditional farming method in which all trees and plants in an area are cut and burned to add nutrients
Reforestation
replanting young trees or seeds on lands where trees have been cut or destroyed
Shantytown
makeshift communities on the edges of cities