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which of the following is the best definition of a constituent?
it is a person who lives in the districts represented b a member of the legislature.
under the original constitution, senators
served four- year terms
which of the following best describes a way in which the house differs from the senate?
the house is more centralized and organized than the senate
the idea of ____ identifies the best representative as the one who shares a similar racial, ethnic, religious, or occupational background with those he or she represents.
the most common occupation among members of congress before coming to congress is
in 2006, ___ became the Speaker of the House.
Which of the following statements concerning the representation of women and minorities in the U.S. Congress is true?
Representation of women and minorities has increased over the past two decades, but is not comparable to their proportions in the general population.
Constituency service is so important that
members of Congress have been impeached for not devoting enough attention to constituency service.
a senator or representative running for re- election is called the
In recent years, approximately what percentage of House members seeking re- election won their race?
Over the past several decades, the _____ and the _____ have benefited most from reapportionment.
Which of the following statements concerning the process of reapportionment is correct?
in order for one state to gain a seat, another state must lose a seat.
Pork- barrel legislation
deals with specific projects and their location within a particular congressional district.
In general, members of the House seek committee assignments that will
allow them to influence decisions which are of special importance to voters in their districts.
Who has the most real power in the Senate?
the majority and minority leaders
The House Ways and Means Committee has jurisdiction over which of the following areas?
Taxes, trade and entitlement programs
Congressional leaders form ____ committees when they want to take up an issue that falls between the jurisdiction of existing committees, to highlight an issue, or to investigate a particular problem.
Joint OR Select Committees
Conference committees are
temporary and are created to take up an issue that falls between the jurisdiction of existing committees, to highlight an issue, or to investigate particular problem.
The Congressional Research Service and the Government Accountability Office are examples of
executive- congressional liaison offices.
which of the following is the best definition of a congressional caucus?
unofficial groups of representatives or senators sharing similar interest or opinions
A proposed piece of legislation is called a
Approximately what percentage of proposed bills die in committee?
The determination of the time and structure of floor debate on a bill, in the House of Representatives, is up to the
the process by which three- fifths of the Senate can end a filibuster
How can a president's veto be overridden by Congress?
by a two- thirds vote in both houses.
Which is the best description of the K Street Project?
It was an attempt to place former Republican staffers in key lobbying positions to help ensure a large flow of corporate donation to the Republican party
why does the House have a greater party unity than the Senate?
House leaders have more organizational control over the actions of representatives than Senate leaders.
When two members of Congress who share no common interests agree to support each other's bills, the practice is called
Oversight can best bbe described as
the efforts of Congress to supervise the manner in which its laws are implemented by the executive branch.
The Senate's constitutional power of advice and consent extends to which of the following?
the president's power to make treaties with foreign nations
A(n) has the same statue as a treaty, but does not require Senate approval.
The two presidents to be impeached by the House of Representatives were Bill Clinton and
What are the greatest dangers with a trustee model of representation?
Representatives may become inattentive to the wishes and opinions of their constituents.
One problem with delegate model f representation is
that few people are well informed about all political issues.
Responsibility for communication among party member in Congress lies with the
The House of Representatives has 335 member and the Senate has 100 members.
The Supreme Court has ruled that race could not be the predominant factor in creating electoral districts.
The vice president also serves as Speaker of the House of Representatives and breaks tie votes.
A filibuster is a parliamentary device found in the Senate but not the House
Congress may overturn a presidential veto with a two- thirds vote by each house.
Oversight is an important legislative check on the executive branch.
The requirements for holding office in the Teas legislature
are minimal, in keeping with the idea that officeholding should be open to most citizens
the typical Texas legislator is most likely to be a
white, affluent businessman
What is the yearly salary of a Texas representative?
less than $7,500
For how long does the Texas legislature meet?
the regular legislative session lasts 140 days every two years.
The agenda for special sessions in the Texas legislature are set by the
lieutenant governor and the Texas Speaker of the House.
Constituency services provided by Texas representatives may include all of the following EXCEPT
providing legal services in court.
In the Texas legislature, the referral of a bill to a standing committee in the House and the Senate is the job of the
Speaker of the House and lieutenant governor
As in the U.S. Congress, what is the purpose of a conference committee in the Texas legislature?
It is a committee designed to make differing House and Senate versions of the same bill identical
In Texas, why is a governor's post- adjournment veto so powerful?
It cannot be overturned by the legislature
When the governor strikes out specific spending provision in large appropriations bills, it is called
the line- item veto.
How is the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives chosen?
The Speaker is elected by member of the House.
In the Texas House of Representatives, who has the power to allow members to speak in floor debates?
the Speaker of the House
Which of the following statements about partisanship in the Texas legislature is correct?
Historically, partisanship has been rather low, but in recent years the legislature has moved into a more partisan era.
Who has responsibility for redistricting the Texas delegation to the U.S. Congress?
the Texas legislature
What is the importance of the Supreme Court case Reynolds v. Sims?
It declared the constitutional principle of "one person, one vote"
The Legislative Redistricting Board has the authority to draw new districts if
the legislature fails to redistrict in the first regular session.
What unconventional action did the Texas legislature take in 2003?
It redistricted a second time in a single decade.
The Texas legislature meets in regular session once every ____.
Conference committees are designed to make Texas House and Senate bills ___.
The governor of Texas has the authority to exercise a line- item ____.
The lieutenant governor is also a member of the Texas ____.