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which of the following is the best definition of a constituent?

it is a person who lives in the districts represented b a member of the legislature.

under the original constitution, senators

served four- year terms

which of the following best describes a way in which the house differs from the senate?

the house is more centralized and organized than the senate

the idea of ____ identifies the best representative as the one who shares a similar racial, ethnic, religious, or occupational background with those he or she represents.

sociological representation

the most common occupation among members of congress before coming to congress is


in 2006, ___ became the Speaker of the House.

Nancy Pelosi

Which of the following statements concerning the representation of women and minorities in the U.S. Congress is true?

Representation of women and minorities has increased over the past two decades, but is not comparable to their proportions in the general population.

Constituency service is so important that

members of Congress have been impeached for not devoting enough attention to constituency service.

a senator or representative running for re- election is called the


In recent years, approximately what percentage of House members seeking re- election won their race?

95 percent

Over the past several decades, the _____ and the _____ have benefited most from reapportionment.

South; West

Which of the following statements concerning the process of reapportionment is correct?

in order for one state to gain a seat, another state must lose a seat.

Pork- barrel legislation

deals with specific projects and their location within a particular congressional district.

In general, members of the House seek committee assignments that will

allow them to influence decisions which are of special importance to voters in their districts.

Who has the most real power in the Senate?

the majority and minority leaders

The House Ways and Means Committee has jurisdiction over which of the following areas?

Taxes, trade and entitlement programs

Congressional leaders form ____ committees when they want to take up an issue that falls between the jurisdiction of existing committees, to highlight an issue, or to investigate a particular problem.

Joint OR Select Committees

Conference committees are

temporary and are created to take up an issue that falls between the jurisdiction of existing committees, to highlight an issue, or to investigate particular problem.

The Congressional Research Service and the Government Accountability Office are examples of

executive- congressional liaison offices.

which of the following is the best definition of a congressional caucus?

unofficial groups of representatives or senators sharing similar interest or opinions

A proposed piece of legislation is called a


Approximately what percentage of proposed bills die in committee?

95 percent

The determination of the time and structure of floor debate on a bill, in the House of Representatives, is up to the

Rules Committee.

Cloture is

the process by which three- fifths of the Senate can end a filibuster

How can a president's veto be overridden by Congress?

by a two- thirds vote in both houses.

Which is the best description of the K Street Project?

It was an attempt to place former Republican staffers in key lobbying positions to help ensure a large flow of corporate donation to the Republican party

why does the House have a greater party unity than the Senate?

House leaders have more organizational control over the actions of representatives than Senate leaders.

When two members of Congress who share no common interests agree to support each other's bills, the practice is called


Oversight can best bbe described as

the efforts of Congress to supervise the manner in which its laws are implemented by the executive branch.

The Senate's constitutional power of advice and consent extends to which of the following?

the president's power to make treaties with foreign nations

A(n) has the same statue as a treaty, but does not require Senate approval.

international accord

The two presidents to be impeached by the House of Representatives were Bill Clinton and

Andrew Johnson

What are the greatest dangers with a trustee model of representation?

Representatives may become inattentive to the wishes and opinions of their constituents.

One problem with delegate model f representation is

that few people are well informed about all political issues.

Responsibility for communication among party member in Congress lies with the

whip system.

The House of Representatives has 335 member and the Senate has 100 members.


The Supreme Court has ruled that race could not be the predominant factor in creating electoral districts.


The vice president also serves as Speaker of the House of Representatives and breaks tie votes.


A filibuster is a parliamentary device found in the Senate but not the House


Congress may overturn a presidential veto with a two- thirds vote by each house.


Oversight is an important legislative check on the executive branch.


The requirements for holding office in the Teas legislature

are minimal, in keeping with the idea that officeholding should be open to most citizens

the typical Texas legislator is most likely to be a

white, affluent businessman

What is the yearly salary of a Texas representative?

less than $7,500

For how long does the Texas legislature meet?

the regular legislative session lasts 140 days every two years.

The agenda for special sessions in the Texas legislature are set by the

lieutenant governor and the Texas Speaker of the House.

Constituency services provided by Texas representatives may include all of the following EXCEPT

providing legal services in court.

In the Texas legislature, the referral of a bill to a standing committee in the House and the Senate is the job of the

Speaker of the House and lieutenant governor

As in the U.S. Congress, what is the purpose of a conference committee in the Texas legislature?

It is a committee designed to make differing House and Senate versions of the same bill identical

In Texas, why is a governor's post- adjournment veto so powerful?

It cannot be overturned by the legislature

When the governor strikes out specific spending provision in large appropriations bills, it is called

the line- item veto.

How is the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives chosen?

The Speaker is elected by member of the House.

In the Texas House of Representatives, who has the power to allow members to speak in floor debates?

the Speaker of the House

Which of the following statements about partisanship in the Texas legislature is correct?

Historically, partisanship has been rather low, but in recent years the legislature has moved into a more partisan era.

Who has responsibility for redistricting the Texas delegation to the U.S. Congress?

the Texas legislature

What is the importance of the Supreme Court case Reynolds v. Sims?

It declared the constitutional principle of "one person, one vote"

The Legislative Redistricting Board has the authority to draw new districts if

the legislature fails to redistrict in the first regular session.

What unconventional action did the Texas legislature take in 2003?

It redistricted a second time in a single decade.

The Texas legislature meets in regular session once every ____.

140 days

Conference committees are designed to make Texas House and Senate bills ___.


The governor of Texas has the authority to exercise a line- item ____.


The lieutenant governor is also a member of the Texas ____.


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