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Abnormal Psych Exam 4
Terms in this set (67)
Can't respond normally in key areas of sexual functioning
Disorder of desire
Problems with urge to have sex, sexual fantasies, and sexual attraction
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder
Absent or low sexual interest/desire
Sexual aversion disorder
Total aversion to (disgust of) sex
Female sexual arousal disorder
Repeated inability for women to maintain lubrication or clitoral swelling during sexual activity
Male erectile disorder
Repeated inability to attain or maintain adequate erectile during sexual activity
Ejaculation with minimal sexual stimulation
Male orgasmic disorder
Also referred to as delayed ejaculation. Repeated inability to reach (or very delayed) orgasm
Female orgasmic disorder
Persistent delay or absence of female orgasm following normal sexual excitement
Involuntary muscle contractions of outer 1/3 of vagina
Severe pain in genitals during sexual activity
Unusual fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors that are recurrent (6+ months) and sexually arousing
Type of paraphilia characterized by recurrent, intense sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving use of non-living objects
Type of paraphilia characterized by involving dressing like other sex for sexual arousal
Type of paraphilia characterized by arousal from exposure of genitals in public
Type of paraphilia characterized by repeated and intense sexual desire to observe people undressing, or spy on couples engaging in sexual activity. May involve acting upon desires including masturbating during observation, risk of discovery adds to excitement, and preferred over actually having sex.
Type of paraphilia characterized by fantasies, urges, or behaviors of touching and rubbing against non-consenting person. These people fantasize about caring relationship with the victim, thinking it is the first step to a relationship.
Type of paraphilia characterized by fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with prepubescent child (usually 12 years or younger)
Sexual preference for pubescent aged children, usually ages 11-14
Sexual preference for older children, usually ages 15-19
Most common sexual preference. Preference for adults.
Sexual preference for elderly
Sexual arousal, fantasies, urges or behaviors from inflicting suffering on others
Sexual response associated with being humiliated, bound, or made to suffer
Reproductive organs and chromosomes make up a person's ______.
Social experiences of maleness and femaleness
Who we are physically attracted to tells us our ________________.
Our internal sense of gender
A person born of a particular sex who identifies as the opposite sex
Formerly called "gender identity disorder"; person experiences strong and persistent cross-gender identification and persistent discomfort with his/her anatomical sex. Must cause clinically significant impairment in functioning; distress comes from having this identity and not from how people treat them because of it.
Maladaptive pattern of use, significant impairment or distress, and one symptom in 12-month period:
- use leads to failed role obligations
- use in hazardous situations
- recurrent substance-related legal problems
- continued use despite problems
Doesn't meet requirements for dependence
Maladaptive pattern of use, significant impairment or distress, and 3 + symptoms in 12-month period:
3. Increased amounts taken or over longer periods
4. Unsuccessful at reducing/controlling use
5. Increased time spent using, getting, or recovering from use
6. Give up social, occupational, or recreational things
7. Continue use despite known negative effects
Development of substance-specific syndrome due to reduction in heavy use; causes significant distress; not due to medication condition;
physiological response to lack of substance
Meets criteria for another DSM diagnosis, but onset of symptoms developed during, or within a month of substance intoxication or withdrawal. Can be treated by stopping the substance use.
Impulse control disorders
Addiction to pleasure reaction in brain when doing activities
Impulse control disorder involving gambling as the addictive activity
Impulse control disorder involving stealing as the addictive activity
Impulse control disorder involving starting fires as the addictive activity
Intermittent explosive disorder (IED)
Impulse control disorder involving random explosion of anger/aggression as the addictive activity
Trichotillomania (Hair pulling disorder)
Impulse control disorder involving pulling hair off of body as the addictive activity
You first fall asleep, but are not yet in a deep sleep
What happens in stages 1 and 2 of the sleep cycle?
You are in a deep sleep, your breathing and heart rate slow down and your body is still
What happens in stages 3 and 4 of the sleep cycle?
What happens in stage 5 of the sleep cycle?
About how long does one full sleep cycle take?
Abnormal sleep patterns that interfere with physical, mental, and emotional functioning
Sleep disorder characterized by dysfunction in:
- total amount of time person sleeps;
- quality of sleep, or
- time of day person sleeps
May be present if a person has:
- difficulty falling or staying asleep
- sleeps too much
Type of dyssomnia associated with inadequate quality and quantity of sleep. Difficulty staying/falling asleep; waking up very early.
Type of dyssomnia associated with the presence of sleep attacks. Chronic neurological disorder. 3 major symptoms:
- sleep paralysis
Type of dyssomnia associated with periodic gasping/"snorting" noises; breathing stops and sleep is interrupted
Type of dyssomnia associated with excessive sleeping, and never feeling rested
Circadian rhythm sleeping disorder
Type of dyssomnia associated with a mismatch between individual's sleep-wake schedule and his/her sleep-wake pattern.
Disruptive sleep disorders; undesirable physical or verbal behaviors that occur in specific stages of sleep
Type of parasomnia characterized by repeatedly awakening with recall of frightening dreams during REM stage; quickly become alert and oriented; causes clinically important distress or impairs functioning
Sleep terror disorder
Type of parasomnia similar to nightmares but during NREM. Intense crying, fear, and autonomic arousal while asleep. Appear awake, but don't respond and have no recollection
Type of parasomnia that happens during NREM where they carry out a daily activity while asleep; eyes are wide open, but they don't respond and won't remember.
Decreased alertness and performance, memory and cognitive impairment, weight gain, accidents
What are some consequences of sleep deprivation?
Involuntarily committing a person determined to be mentally ill and/or a threat to self/others. Decided by a judge.
Not guilty by reason of insanity and placed in psychiatric institution instead of jail/prison. Determined by courts.
Individual voluntarily seeks treatment and can leave when desired
This is a legal, not a medical term for when an individual pleads not guilty due to insanity or mental defect.
Ethical standard that protects clients from disclosure of information without consent. Cornerstone belief for therapy, NOT a legal obligation.
Narrower, legal concept protecting privacy of client. Prevents disclosure of confidential communication without consent. "Holder of the privilege" is the client; therapist can assert privilege on behalf of the client. There are exemptions.
Civil/criminal commitment; competency to stand trial
If mental condition used as defense in civil action
If therapist believes client is victim of incest, rape, or abuse
Therapist believes client is danger to self/others and poses an immediate threat
What are the exemptions to privileged communication?
Duty to warn
Clinicians have duty to warn potential victims of their client
Duty to protect
When information comes from a reliable source clinicians still must break confidentiality and protect potential victims
Relationships between client and therapist that is more than just client to relationship. Should be avoided if it could impair psychologist's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing his/her functions, or otherwise risks exploitation or harm to the person.
Not for at least 2 years after ending therapy and not except in the most unusual circumstances. Bear the burden of demonstrating that there has been no exploitation.
What does the APA say about sexual intimacies with former clients/patients?
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