AP US History: The Rise of the Conservatism in the United States
Terms in this set (63)
A pill with hormones that alters the way the body works and prevents pregnancy. It can keep a woman from ovulating or alter the lining of the uterus so an egg cannot attach to the uterus wall; people were against this during the 70's-present.
student wanted to be admitted into Davis Medical Program; strict quotas were unconstitutional but race is allowed as a factor in admission decisions as long as it is not the only one; affirmative action is constitutional
Coalition of younger members of the Democratic party and radical student groups. Believed in participatory democracy, free speech, civil rights and racial brotherhood, and opposed the war in Vietnam. Began in the late 1960's.
hippies in the 1960's-70's.
a powerful hallucinogenic drug manufactured from lysergic acid; big with the hippies.
"Law and Order"
Nixon promised during the 1968 campaign that he would restore this; the promise appealed many voters disgusted with radical protest movements of the 1960s.
it rose during the 1980's **fix please
it was in question during the Cold War [?? not exactly sure??]
Leader of the religious Right Fundamentalist Christians, a group that supported Reagan; rallying cry was "family values"; anti-feminist, anti-homosexuality, anti-abortion, favored prayer in schools.
Rock and roll
It was 'black' music but made famous by white people.
Hippies who were unified by their rejection of traditional values and assumptions of Western society.
One of the most popular evangelical ministers of the era. Star of the first televised "crusades" for religious revival. He believed that all doubts about the literal interpretation of the bible were traps set by Satan. He supported Republicans and a large increase to money in the military.
collective term used for a variety of Christian groups that support socially conservative policies (such as opposition to therapeutic abortion or divorce)
Little Rock 9
incident in which troops (sent by president Eisenhower) helped integrate a high school by allowing nine black students to enter school peacefully and not be prevented by angry mobs.
Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in idiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles.
programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
white singer born in 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi; chief revolutionary of popular music in the 1950s, fused black rhythm and blues with white bluegrass and country styles; created a new musical idiom known forever after as rock and roll.
1972; Nixon feared loss so he approved the Commission to Re-Elect the President to spy on and espionage the Democrats. A security gaurd foiled an attempt to bug the Democratic National Committe Headquarters, exposing the scandal. Seemingly contained, after the election Nixon was impeached and stepped down.
In San Francisco, Hippie formed community, famous center of counterculture. Young people flocked there.
Students for Democratic Society
Founded in 1962, the SDS was a popular college student organization that protested shortcomings in American life, notably racial injustice and the Vietnam War. It led thousands of campus protests before it split apart at the end of the 1960s.
Berkeley and free speech movement (SDSB)
American feminist, activist and writer. Best known for starting the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of her book "The Feminine Mystique".
a ceiling based on attitudinal or organizational bias in the work force that prevents minorities and women from advancing to leadership positions
He launched the conservative National Magazine in 1955; founded Young Americans for Freedom in 1960; and started a conservative TV talk show, Firing Line, in 1966.
that group of quiet honest hard-working middle class Americans who do their job, respect their country and support gov.; Nixon wants their votes in 1968 and 1972.
believed in anti-materalism, free use of drugs, they had a casual attitude toward sex and anti-conformity, (1960s) practiced free love and took drugs, flocked to San Francisco- low rent/interracial, they lived in communal "crash pads", smoked marijuana and took LSD, sexual revolution, new counter culture, Protestors who influenced US involvement in Vietnam.
a group of people, who may or may not be related by birth or marriage, sharing financial resources and living arrangements
political organization of the United States which had an agenda of evangelical Christian-oriented political lobbying. Formed by Jerry Falwell. Organization made up of conservative Christian political action committees which campaigned on issues its personnel believed were important to maintaining its Christian conception of moral law. This group pressured for legislation that would ban abortion and ban the states' acceptance of homosexuality.
Clean Air and Water Acts
An act meant to reduce smog and pollution, to reduce the amount of pollution in the water.
Roe vs. Wade
the U.S. supreme Court ruled that there is a fundamental right ro privacy, which includes a woman's decision to have an abortion. Up until the third trimester the state allows abortion.
Led by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton, they believed that racism was an inherent part of the U.S. capitalist society and were militant, self-styled revolutionaries for Black Power.
The movement for civil rights for homosexuals. It originated after a police raid on a gay bar in New York City in 1969, which triggered a riot and launched the grassroots reform movement seeking to end social and legal discrimination against gays. (See Stonewall Riot.)
practice where a government spends more money that it receives as revenue. Usually refers to the conscious effort to stimulate economic growth by lowering taxes or increasing government expenditures. **needs fix
Leader of the Religious Right Fundamentalist Christians, a group that supported Reagan; rallying cry was "family values", anti-abortion, favored prayer in schools.
Help enforce end to segregation in schools established by Brown decision, a way to desegregate schools, many whites opposed but black liked it but were scared for their children. The use of buses to integrate schools and make them diverse (does not work).
Interstate Commerce Commission was strengthened; Consumer protection laws were passed ; Fed Trade Commission-set up to regulate business; Fed Reserve system set up to control money supply.
student protest that started as the Free Speech movement in California and spread around the world, with common denominator of opposition to war in Vietnam and condemning US presence there. as violation of Viet rights and US imperialism. Lead to growing activism on campuses aimed as social reform etc. Primarily a middle-class movement.
During the 1990's, the Chretien government had legislation passed in Parliament that forced all Canadian gun owners to register all firearms.
The legislation, although popular in Canadian cities, has been very unpopular in Canadian rural areas. There has also been a good deal of controversy about the high cost of this program.
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment.
National Rifle Association
a powerful lobby that advocates the right to own and bear arms and rejects any gun regulation by the government.
(offensive) a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities early in 1968.
Brown vs. Board of Education case
ruled that separate public schools for black and white students denied black children equal educational opportunities and thus violated the 14th Amendment.
Equal Rights Amendment( guessing)
violent offshoot of SDSB
1964; Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history
3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s, nearly 1/2M gather in a 600 acre field; sex and drugs
Many people in the 60/70s had interesting social society ideas. Many did drugs. Somewhat based on the 50's Beats, the "hippies" were disgusting with their causal sex and drug use. In late 60s, 50%+ of college students had tried pot, others did things like LSD. Rock + Roll was a part of drug culture too. Hippies grew long hair and wore funky clothing to separate themselves from the rest of society.
National Organization of Women; (1966) org. formed to work for economic and legal rights of women. acted from the liberal tenet that women and men are alike in important respects and, therefore, entitled to equal rights and opportunities. extremely effective in enacting rhetorical strategies that have brought about concrete changes in laws and policies that enlarge women's opportunities and protect their rights
1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists
(with Huey Newton) begin the Black Panther Party
-demanded the government rebuild ghettos
- "black is beautiful" 1960's. different because didnt believe in nonviolence, change from usual civil rights method.
the amount of money a national government owes to other governments or its people; **fix please
fees for the support of government required to be paid by people and businesses; **fix please
Growth of suburbs
prosperous middle class move to suburbs just outside of large cities because they have more money and want to go to safer places with their baby boom children.
War on Poverty
Lyndon Johnson declared war on poverty in his 1964 State of the Union address. A new Office of Economic Opportunity oversaw a variety of programs to help the poor, including the Job Corps and Head Start.
Programs such as unemployment insurance, disability relief, or disability payments that provide benefits to all eligible citizens.
A young actress who was an out-spoken Vietnam War critic and became unpopular back home after her radio broadcasts in North Vietnam that were meant to lower the morale of American soldiers.
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964).
Iran Hostage crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
Conservative political movements in industrialized democracies that have arisen since the 1960's and stress "traditional values," often with a racist undertone.
Democratic National Convention 1968
Was held in Chicago. Purpose was to elect a suitable nominee to run as the Democratic Party's choice for prez in the 1968 election. Events that led to convention were: assassination of Martin Luther King and JFK. Riots broke out from Anti-Vietnam war protestors during the time of the convention. These riots turned into bloody battles after the Chicago police tried to stop the protestors. Democrats settled on Hubert Humphrey but lost to Richard Nixon. Shows a large split in the party over the Vietnam War.
(American Indian Movement) A Native American organization founded in 1968 to protest government policies and injustices suffered by Native Americans; in 1973, organized the armed occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota.