Terms in this set (16)
How did the Mexican cession contribute to sectionalism?
What was the Compromise of 1850?
As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished. Furthermore, California entered the Union as a free state and a territorial government was created in Utah.
*Fugitive Slave Act- Pair of federal laws that allowed for the capture and return of runaway slaves within the territory of the United States. Enacted by Congress in 1793, the first Fugitive Slave Act authorized local governments to seize and return escaped slaves to their owners and imposed penalties on anyone who aided in their flight.
Why did the fugitive slave law anger many northerners?
-it prioritized states' rights over the rights of the federal government.
-it contradicted the Missouri Compromise.
-it contradicted the Wilmot Proviso.
-it increased federal intervention in the affairs of independent states.
What is popular sovereignty?
a doctrine in political theory that government is created by and subject to the will of the people
Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe and how did she contribute to sectionalism?
A nineteenth-century American author best known for Uncle Tom's Cabin, a powerful novel that inflamed sentiment against slavery.
What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act? Why did its passage require the repeal of the Missouri Compromise?
an 1854 bill that mandated "popular sovereignty"-allowing settlers of a territory to decide whether slavery would be allowed within a new state's borders.
The bill was introduced organize the territory of Nebraska in order to bring the area under civil control. But southern senators objected; the region lay north of latitude 36°30′ and so under the terms of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 would become a free state. To gain the southerners' support, Douglas proposed creating two territories in the area-Kansas and Nebraska-and repealing the Missouri Compromise line. The question of whether the territories would be slave or free would be left to the settlers under Douglas's principle of popular sovereignty. Presumably, the more northern territory would oppose slavery while the more southern one would permit it.
Who was Stephen Douglas?
-Father of Popular Sovereignty
-Doesn't allow Kansas to enter as a free state
-Democrat- rejected the LeComptom Constitution; southerners turned against him
Why did violence break out in Kansas after passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
- Election Day- towns of 50 people who casted more votes (wtf went on)
-Troublemakers of Missouri came to vote for slavery
- President accepts the act(Franklin Pierce)
-Civil War breaks on Kansas
-Pro-slavery vs. Anti-slavery
*Why did President Buchanan support the Kansas (pro-slavery) Constitution?
to retain the support of proslavery Democrats
How did each of the candidates in the 1860 election stand on the issue of slavery?
Who won the Election of 1860 and why?
Abraham Lincoln won because he gavve the option of leaving slavery where it exists (15 states) as legal, and have no plans of interfering with it, but no expansion of slavery West.; also the Republican party split
What arguments did Southerners put forward for the expansion of slavery in the territories
Why did several southern states secede from the union after the 1860 election?
Even though things were already coming to a head, when Lincoln was elected in 1860, South Carolina issued its "Declaration of the Causes of Secession." They believed that Lincoln was anti-slavery and in favor of Northern interests. Before Lincoln was even president, seven states had seceded from the Union: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
Where were the 1st shots fired during the Civil War?
What was the Anaconda Plan?
a. Blockade the Southern Coast
b. Cease Rivers
c. *Attack the South's Capital City
i. Richmond, Virginia
What was Lincoln's primary war objective?