17 terms

Essentials of Pharmacology

Chapter 19
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Terms in this set (...)

adjuvant
a drug added to a prescription to hasten or enhance the action of a principle ingredient
analgesic
medication that alleviates pain
antipyretic
medication to reduce fever
coanalgesic
nonopioid analgesic drugs that are combined with opioids for more effective analgesic action in relief of acute or chronic pain
dependence
acquired need for a drug after repeated use
endogenous
produced or originating within a cell or organism
endorphin
endogenous analgesic produced within the body
hypnotic
drug that promotes sleep
objective
referring to symptoms observed by or perceived by others
opioid antagonist
any drug that binds to an opiate receptor and blocks the effects of morphine(or any opioid)and displaces the opioid.
opioids
analgesics, controlled substances, whose action is similar to opium in altering the perception of pain
paradoxical
opposite effect from that expected
placebo effect
relief from pain as the result of suggestion without active medication
sedatives
controlled substances used to promote sedation in smaller doses and sleep in larger doses.
subjective
perceived by the individual, not observable by others
tinnitus
ringing in the ears
tolerance
decreased response to a drug after repeated dosage