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London Economic Conference

included 66 nations; met in the summer of 1933; main goal was to stabilize exchange rates and fix the global depression; Roosevelt sends S.O.S. Cordell Hull;

Tydings McDuffie Act

provided for the independence of the Philippines after a 12 year period of tutelage

Seventh Pan-American Conference

the U.S. will formally endorse nonintervention here

Good Neighbor Policy

focused on consultation and nonintervention with latin american nations

Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act

designed by Cordell Hull; was to enliven American export trade by lowering tariffs; ammended parts of the Hawley-Smoot tariff

Josef Stalin

dictator of the USSR (Russia); communist

Benito Mussolini

fascist; gained control of Italy

Adolf Hitler

gained control of Germany's Nazi party; withdrew Germany from the League of Nations and re-armed

Rome-Berlin Axis

The allied forces of totalitarian Italy and Germany

TriPartite Pact

Germany, Italy, and Japan joining forces; mostly due to the perceived unfairness of the Treaty of Versailles

Johnson Debt Default Act

prevented debtor nations from borrowing more money from the U.S.

The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937

when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war, certain restrictions would take effect

Spanish Civil War

Spanish rebels led by fascist Francisco Franco rebelled against the left-leaning republican government in Madrid

Abraham Lincoln Brigade

volunteers from the U.S. who fought against Franco in the Spanish Civil War

The Start of World War II

The Japanese bomb and invade the Marco Polo Bridge near Peking, China

Quarantine Speech

wanted to "quarantine" agressors as to place economic embargos


an American gunboat that was bombed and sunk by the Japanese in 1937

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