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BDOC 459 Adair Christology Vocab 6
Terms in this set (13)
A term for churches and the theological tradition that emerged from the work of John Calvin (1509-64) and other reformers such as Huldrych Zwingli (1484-1531) and Heinrich Bullinger (1504-75), in contrast to the Lutheran Reformation and to Anabaptism.
The "left" or "third" wing of the Protestant Reformation that describes those who sought a radical approach, a return to early Christian precedents for the nature and government of the church, rejecting national or state churches. Among others it included Anabaptists such as the Mennonites and the Amish.
A term to refer to the pattern by which churches were established and supported by civil authority. It contrasts with the "Radical Reformation," in which church and state were completely separated.
Counter - Reformation/ Catholic Reformation
The period of church reform instituted by Roman Catholicism as a reaction to the Protestant Reformation. It extended from the early 16th to the mid-17th century and set the course for Catholic theology and practice until Vatican Council II (1962-65).
In Roman Catholic theology, a pardon for temporal punishments that remain due for sin after repentance and the forgiveness of guilt. The issue was highly disputed by Martin Luther (1483-1546) during the Protestant Reformation.
Those who advocated rebaptism in certain instances. Most prominently, then 16th-century reformers who renounced infant baptism, stressed the literal reading of Scripture, and supported the separation of church and state.
justification by faith (Prot)
The theological principle, emphasized in Protestantism, that salvation comes to an individual by God's grace through faith so that to be "declared righteous," or "justified," or "saved" is on the (sole) basis of one's faith in Jesus Christ apart from any works of merit (Rom. 1:17; 3:28; 5:1).
justification by faith (rom. Cath.)
In Roman Catholic theology, God's making persons just or righteous and thus setting them in harmony with God through their participation in the sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church and by the gift of the Holy Spirit which is the new life principle of grace, expressed through love.
A slogan of the Protestant Reformation used by Martin Luther (1483-1546) on the basis of Rom. 3:28 to indicate that justification of the sinner (salvation) comes only to those who have faith and is not achieved through any "good works."
A slogan of the Protestant Reformation indicating that the basis for Christian salvation is solely the grace of God and not any human achievement. It is God's initiative and action which is the agent of salvation.
A slogan of the Protestant Reformation indicating that the church's authority is only the Holy Scriptures and not ecclesiastical traditions or human opinions. This was called the "formal principle" of the Reformation, or the "Scripture principle."
God's choosing of a people to enjoy the benefits of salvation and to carry out God's purposes in the world (1 Thess. 1:4; 2 Peter 1:10). This doctrine has been of particular importance in Reformed theology.
God's actions in willing something to a specific result. It is also called foreordination. Some Christian theologians, particularly in the Reformed tradition, have seen it as indicating God's eternal decree by which all creatures are foreordained to eternal life or death. It may also be used synonymously with "election" and indicates God's gracious initiation of salvation for those who believe in Jesus Christ.
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