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28 terms

Sociology - Chapter 3 - Culture

STUDY
PLAY
culture
beliefs, values, attitudes, material objects, and social heritage shared by a particular people
values
standards by which members of a culture distinguish the desirable from the undesirable, good from bad, etc.
language
the primary agent of cultural transmission
media
institutionally, the primary agent of cultural transmission
robin williams' 10 values
equal opportunity, achievement and success, activity and work, material comfort, practicality and efficiency, progress, science, democracy and free enterprise, freedom, racism and group superiority
norms
rules that guide a spectrum of behaviors and/or any particular society
prescriptive norms
things we should do
proscriptive norms
things we should not do
mores
norms that have great moral significance
etiquette
an example of a more
taboo
often a synonym for a proscriptive more
sanctions
external punishments and rewards from others to promote conformity
shame
internal painful acknowledgment of the negative judgment of others (guilt/discomfort we feel when others judge/correct us)
real and ideal culture
what goes along with the saying "do as I say, not as I do"
culture of victimization
no one accepts responsibility
multiculturalism
recognition of past and present cultural diversity in American society coupled with efforts to promote the equality of all cultural traditions
cultural diversity
the blend of cultural traditions in any given area
subculture
cultural patterns that distinguish some segment of the population (there's a variation)
counter culture
cultural patterns that strongly oppose popular culture
cultural lag
time required or resistance of social institutions to change to innovation
cultural relativity
opposite of ethnocentrism, judging a culture by its own standards
melting pot (amalgamation)
A + B + C = D
pluralism
A + B + C = A + B + C
anglo-conformity
A + B + C = A
cultural poverty
argues that disorganization and pathology of lower class culture is self-perpetuating through cultural transmission
symbols
clothing, gestures, icons, or anything carrying recognition to a particular culture
material objects
tangible human creations (weapons, for example)
non-material objects
intangible human creations (religion, politics, etc.)