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28 terms

chapter 19 test. sections (1-2)

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Reasons Hitler planned to conquer Soviet Union
Conquer Soviet Union, resettle German peasants there and use the Slavic people as slave labor to build the Third Reich
Sudetenland
an area un northwestern Czechoslovakia inhabited largely by Germans (Hitler demanded that Germany he given the area)
Rhineland
Part of Germany, it was a demilitarized area; Hitler sent troops in
Appeasement
satisfying reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers to achieve stability/peace
Neville Chamberlain
British prime minister; appeased Hitler proclaiming " peace in our time"
Mukden incident
1931 Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese attack a Japanese Railway; use this as an excuse
Demilitarization
area not permitted to have weapons or fortifications
Anti-Comintern Pact
Germany and Japan, promising a common front against communist
Sanctions
Restrictions intended to enforce international law
Anschluss
Union with Austrasia. Threatened with invasion forced annexation
Blitzrieg
"lightening war" used panzer divisions (300tanks) supported by airplanes.
Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 japan attacked the US naval base in Hawaii
Battle of Midway
where the US defeated Japanese navy and established naval superiority, considered the turning point in the war in Asia
Battle of Britain
German bombing od industrial and military areas, then bombing od British cities British would not surrender
Island Hopping
US would capture some Japanese held islands and bypassing others while moving toward Japan
Dunkirk
City in northern France where heroic efforts of the British Royal Navy and civilians helped evacuate 338,000 Allied troops
D-Day
allied forced under General Eisenhower landed history's greatest naval invasion
Partisans
resistance fighters (i.e. Italians who shot Mussolini)
Douglas MacArthur
US general, moved into the Philippines through New Guinea and S. Pacific Islands
V-E day
victory in Europe May 7, 1945
V-J Day
Victory over Japan August 14, 1945
Hiroshima
Japanese city atomic bomb was dropped on August 9, 1945
Adolf Hitler
committed suicide April 1945
Benito Mussolini
Dreamed of a new Roman Empire, invaded Ethiopia, sent troops to Spain
Chiang Kai-shek
Tried to avoid conflict with japan, greater threat from the Communist
Franklin Roosevelt
president of the United States, denounced the aggressors, but followed an isolationist policy
Winston Churchill
Britain's Prime Minister, a symbol of British strength/ determination
Harry Truman
US President in 1945, made decision to drop first nuclear bomb