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AP World History Chapter 8 Test
Terms in this set (31)
Which of the following was a major development in Chinese society that took shape in the centuries following the collapse of the Han dynasty?
-northern nomads conquered some portions of China
-the Chinese began a migration northward toward the Yellow River valley
-the Chinese rejected Daosim
-Buddhism's influence on Chinese culture declined
Northern nomads conquered some portions of China
Which of the following contributed to the doubling of the Chinese population during the Tang and Song dynasties
-the conquest of Japan
the adoption of a fast-ripening strain of rice from Vietnam
-the end of warfare with pastoral peoples
-the massive importation of food crops from Central Asia
the adoption of a fast-ripening strain of rice from Vietnam
Which of the following is a reason that the Tang and Song dynasties are regarded as a "golden age" in China?
-the peaceful transfer of power from the Tang to the Song
-the development of democratic institutions
0the setting of standards of excellence in art and literature
-the nearly universal adoption of Buddhism by the population
the setting of standards of excellence in art and literature
Those who participated in the Chinese tribute system gained
-a permanent garrison of Chinese troops
-a gift of gunpowder and cannons
-the opportunity to trade in China
-lower tax rates
the opportunity to trade in China
Which of the following explains why women's lives were more restricted in the Song dynasty than in the Tang dynasty?
-the spread of Daoism
-the introduction of Buddhism
-the revival of Confucianism
-the influence of nomadic cultures
the revival of Confucianism
Which of the following statements about the Chinese tribute system is true?
-the tribute system operated at the end of wars of conquest and was designed to humiliate the conquered people
-China's neighbors in the premodern period often refused to submit to the rituals of the tribute system, resenting China's assumption of superiority
-the tribute system was an exploitative "one-way street", with foreign states paying tribute to China but the Chinese government offering nothing in return
-the Chinese government often gave other states gifts that were in fact worth more than the tribute that those states paid to China
the Chinese government often gave other states gifts that were in fact worth more than the tribute that those states paid to China
China's most enduring and intense interaction with outsiders was with
-the gathering and hunting societies of Southeast Asia
-the nomadic pastoral peoples of the northern steppes
-the various empires that ruled India
-Muslim traders in the Indian Ocean
the nomadic pastoral peoples of the northern steppes
Which of the following describes Korea's relationship with China?
-Korea was incorporated into the Chinese empire for over a thousand years
-Korean male elites developed their own alphabet as a way to resist Chinese cultural influence
-its capital city of Kumsong was modeled directly on the Chinese capital of Chang'an
-Korea was able to avoid participating in China's tribute system
its capital city of kumsong was modeled directly on the Chinese capital of Chang'an
Which of the following contributed to China's economic revolution during the Tang and Song dynasties?
-the active suppression of internal trade in order to increase long-distance trade
-the import of large numbers of slaves to work in agriculture and industry
-the large scale immigration of Japanese workers
-a complex network of internal waterways that provided cheap transportation
a complex network of internal waterways that provided cheap transportation
What do the Xiongnu, the Uighurs, the Khitan, and the Jurchen have in common?
-all four paid tribute to China in return for military protection
-all four were ultimately conquered by China
-all four established states in the southern portions of the Chinese empire
-all four required China to send them valuable goods in return for not attacking
all four required China to send them valuable goods in return for not attacking
Chinese interaction with the northern nomads during the Tang dynasty resulted in
-the conversion of large numbers of the northern nomads to Daoism
-the evolution of a mixed Chinese/Turkic culture in northern China
-the launching of maritime expeditions in the Indian Ocean
-the permanent abandonment of the tribute system
the evolution of a mixed Chinese/Turkic culture in northern China
In their relations with China, Korea and Japan both
-came under direct Chinese political rule
-rejected Chinese civilization
-declined to participate in the Chinese tribute system
-sent people to China to study Chinese thought and culture
sent people to China to study Chinese thought and culture
Which of the following statements best describes Korea's relationship with China in the premodern period?
-Korean elites rejected Chinese culture while peasants and slaves adopted it wholesale
-Korea adopted many elements of Chinese culture while still retaining a distinctive culture and separate political existence
-Korea was a subject state ruled directly by China from most of its history
-Korean rulers never participated in the Chinese tribute system in an effort to assert their independence from China
Korea adopted many elements of Chinese culture while still retaining a distinctive culture and separate political existence
Which of the following was a technological innovation that spread from China to the rest of Eurasia?
-the processing of sugar
-the processing of cotton
Which of the following was a factor in the growth of Buddhism in China after 300 CE?
-increased disorder following the collapse of the Han dynasty, which discredited Confucianism
-the celibacy of Buddhist monks and their withdrawal from society correlated well with Confucian values
-sustained missionary endeavors undertaken by Buddhist monks from Korea
-the withdrawal of rival Shinto priests to Japan following persecution by the Tang Dynasty
increased disorder following the collapse of the Han dynasty, which discredited Confucianism
In Song dynasty China, masculine identity came to be defined in terms of
-archery, horseback riding, and athleticism
-the way of the warrior
-calligraphy, scholarship, painting, and poetry
-weakness, reticence, and delicacy
calligraphy, scholarship, painting, and poetry
Which of the following was a political contribution of the Tang and Song dynasties?
-the creation of an aristocracy that transformed the government from a monarchy to an oligarchy
-the introduction of administrative procedures that made the bureaucracy obsolete
-the democratization of the political system with the establishment of the Censorate
-the construction of a state structure that lasted until the twentieth century
the construction of a state structure that lasted until the twentieth century
Chinese references to "western barbarians" in the Tang dynasty included which group of people?
How was the tribute system an expression of the Chinese view of themselves and their relationship to the world?
-the tribute system required non-Chinese to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese-centered world order
-the tribute system was based on the assumptions that unity was a natural condition and that China was destined to rule the entire world
-the tribute system maintained the racial purity of the Chinese people by prohibiting intermarriage between Chinese and non-Chinese peoples
-the tribute system celebrated the multicultural diversity of the Chinese people and encouraged cultural borrowing
the tribute system required non-Chinese to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese-centered world order
The emergence of which practice during the Song dynasty suggests that Chinese women's lives were more restricted than they had been in the Tang Dynasty?
-remarriage of widows
-worship of the Queen Mother of the West
What did Korea, Japan, and Vietnam all develop that reflected their unique culture?
-their own court rituals
-their own writing systems
-their own tribute systems
-their own law codes
their own writing systems
In what respect was Japan's borrowing of Chinese culture different from the experiences of Korea and Vietnam?
-Japanese people viewed their own country less as a separate nation than as an extension of a universal civilization centered in China
-In Japan, only the lower classes and women embraced Chinese culture while elite men resisted Chinese influence in all arenas
-Japan adopted many elements of Chinese culture by completely rejected Confucianism
-Japan's borrowing was wholly voluntary rather than occurring under conditions of direct military threat or outright occupation
Japan's borrowing was wholly voluntary rather than occurring under conditions of direct military threat or outright occupation
Which of the following is an example of how Chinese inventions stimulated innovations in distant lands?
-the Chinese formula for gunpowder triggered the development of cannons in Europe
-the Chinese invention of movable type was the inspiration for the creation of the world's first copy machine in the Islamic world
-the Chinese technique for producing salt by solar evaporation made possible the invention of windmills in Persia
-the Chinese invention of the magnetic compass spurred the Scientific Revolution in Europe
the Chinese formula for gunpowder triggered the development of cannons in Europe
The invention of printing in China was linked with which religion?
Which of the following shows the effect of the Indian Ocean trade on China?
-the transfer of Vietnam from Chinese control to the Southeast Asian sphere of influence
-the transformation of southern China from a subsistence economy to an export-oriented economy
-the replacement of the tribute system with a trade system based on free and equal access to markets
-the emergence of Hong Kong as an international hub for all ocean-based trade routes
the transformation of southern China from a subsistence economy to an export-oriented economy
The emergence of the samurai reflected Japan's
-imperial ambitions to conquer China
-embrace of Confucianism
-ancient emperor system
-decentralized political structure
decentralized political structure
Which religion provided an element of cultural commonality for the East Asian region?
Which of the following is an example of how Indian Buddhism was modified after its introduction into China?
-the patriarchal assumptions of early Indian Buddhism were replaced by an explicit message of equality between husbands and wives
-the Buddhist term dao was translated as the Confucian term dharma
-the Buddhist notion of "morality" was translated with the Confucian term for "filial submission and obedience"
-the social orientation of Indian Buddhism was replaced with an emphasis on individual salvation and enligtenment
the Buddhist notion of "morality" was translated with the Confucian term for "filial submission and obedience"
How did the changed environment in China in the ninth century affect Buddhism?
-state support and popular acceptance of Buddhism made Buddhism the official religion of China
-Buddhist monasteries came under state control as a xenophobic reaction set in
-Buddhism reached its peak of influence as people flocked to the religion as a way to deal with the chaos and violence of the period
-Buddhism was completely wiped out for centuries in China as a result of state-sponsored policies of persecution
Buddhist monasteries came under state control as a xenophobic reaction set in
Shiba Yoshimasa's instruction "to give up your life for the sake of the sole sovereign, or serving under the commander of the military in a time of need" is associated with
Imagawa Ryoshun stated, "As you do not understand the Arts of Peace your skill in the Arts of War will not, in the end, achieve victory." This statement suggests that the ideal samurai was one who
-knew how to use diplomacy to win wars
-rejected bushido and embraced Shintoism
-was as adept in literary skills as he was in martial skills
-knew when to surrender and admit defeat
was as adept in literary skills as he was in martial skills
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