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Anatomy (BIOL 207) Final Flashcards - Spearing
Includes material from entire fall semester
Terms in this set (196)
What is biology?
the study of life
In what structure is the blood vessel that is usually used to draw blood from a patient?
Which plane divides the body into an inferior and superior half?
Which part of the neuron usually receives the incoming electrical signals?
A group of organ systems working together to perform a function is a.....?
What is the term for the space inside a cell membrane?
Which organelle is responsible for engulfing and disassembling damaged organelles, bacteria and virally infected cells?
Your axilla is _____________ to your areola.
Osteoarthritis is the result of the loss of which tissue in the joint?
Which membrane lines your body openings?
What is the smallest unit of life?
What is the "arm", anatomically speaking? (what area of the body is it -- as in point a to point b)
the area from the shoulder to the elbow
Which cartilage acts as a "shock absorber" in your knees and between your vertebrae?
Which organelle is the site of protein assembly?
What kind of muscle tissue moves your digits when you write?
What is a constant phenomenon in science defined as?
What type of tissue makes up your tendons?
dense regular tissue
What type of tissue is associated with the gland?
If you have 2 layers of epithelial cells that are roughly the same in length and width, what type of tissue are you most likely looking at?
A group of cells working together to perform a function is a __________________.
The intergluteal cleft is ____________ to the posterior median furrow.
What is the term for the region of the body superior to the cervicis (neck)?
What is science?
the study of the natural world
The laryngeal prominence is ________ to the thyroid cartilage.
TRICK QUESTION!!! they are both the same thing (it's your adams apple)
What organelle converts energy into a form the cells can use?
What type of arthritis is a result of an autoimmune response?
Which cavity contains the heart?
Which body cavity contains the stomach?
Which layer of the integument is on the outer surface of the body?
Which body cavity sits above and behind the heart?
Which organelle is responsible for breaking down toxins?
Which body system involves transmitting electrical signals around the body?
What does the smooth endoplasmic reticulum produce?
Which system of the body is responsible for transporting materials?
What does red bone marrow create?
What does yellow bone marrow contain?
Which carpal bone articulates with metacarpal I?
What suture divides the parietal bones?
What is the small bone that you find in the medial, inferior part of the orbit?
The ink in a tattoo is in the ________________ portion of the skin.
If the angle between the pubic bones is 130˚, the skeleton is what gender?
When a bone breaks, what is the fluid that floods the area of the fracture?
Which type of bone cell assembles bone crystals?
What material is necessary for ossification, regardless of which way the bone forms?
Which tarsal bone males up your heal?
What is the name for the type of crystal that makes up the rigid part of the bone?
What layers of the epidermis have keratin in their structure?
stratum corneum and stratum granulosum
What is the term for the light colored area at the distal most part of the nail?
What substance is responsible for the pink, red, and blue colorization of skin?
What is happening when you get tan?
your body is creating more melanin for protection
What is the central part of a long bone that contains the medullary cavity?
Which tarsal bone articulates with the tibia?
Which part of the rib articulates with the centrum of the vertebrae?
What is the term for a bone that forms inside a tendon?
What is the layer of tissue that covers the outside of a bone?
If you feel pain in your forehead, which sinus might be experiencing pressure change?
How many vertebrae do you usually have in your lumbar region?
If your hair has split ends, which gland is responsible?
Where in an osteon do you find osteocytes?
What is the name for the small hole in the maxillary bone just below the orbits?
What is a result of breaking an area of collagen fibers?
Which suture separates the temporal bone from the parietal bones?
When you have a blister, what layers of the integument have separated?
stratum basale and papilary layers
What 2 bones make up the zygomatic arch?
zygomatic and temporal bones
What part if the neural arch is between the centrum and the transverse process?
What is the term for the natural curve of your lumbar vertebrae?
What type of vertebrae has costal facets?
What material is your hair mainly made out of?
What is the function of the pubic symphysis during childbirth?
tears and allows the pelvis to widen
When the doctor gets x-rays of your hand to see if you're still growing, what is he looking for?
the metaphysis (growth plate)
What is the part of the sphenoid bone that holds the pituitary gland?
What is the term for the fluid center of an intervertebral disk?
What type if gland protects your auditory canal from bacteria? (makes earwax)
What kind of neuroglial cell helps filter blood into the cerebrospinal fluid?
What neuroglial cell acts at the immune system for the brain and spinal chord? (CNS)
What is another anatomical term for digit V of your pes?
What muscle flexes your leg and rotates it laterally? (crossing your legs)
What type of neuroglial cell of the CNS creates myelin?
Which muscle causes flexion of your distal phalanx?
flexor digitorum profundus
Which neuroglial cells is found only in the PNS?
What is the oxygen storing molecule in a dark muscle fiber?
Where dies the supraspinous muscle insert?
greater tubercle of humerus
What bone contains the insertion site for the sternocleidomastoid muscle?
What is the name for the structure where cerebrospinal fluid goes back into the blood?
Which part of the neuron is where the electrical charge is generated?
Which meningeal layer is up against the neural tissue?
What muscle causes flexion of your middle phalanx?
flexor digitorum superficialis
What muscle moves the ja laterally?
If you exercise a muscle excessively, what will happen to it?
What determines the strength of a muscle?
cross sectional area
What muscle is responsible for dorsiflexion of the foot?
What is the term for cylinders of tissue inside a muscle belly?
What part of the meningeal layers does cerebrospinal fluid use to travel around the outside of the CNS?
When a diaphragm contracts, where does it move?
What muscle of mastication inserts on the coronoid process of the mandible?
What type of muscle fiber is involved with endurance?
dark muscle fiber
What opening connects the lateral ventricles to the 3rd ventricle in the brain?
What is the function of the interossei muscles?
What function of the muscular system is being used when you are shivering?
body temperature maintenance
What ion (element) is necessary for muscles to contract?
What is the term for several myofibrils bound together?
During a pushup when you move from the down position to the up position, what muscle in your arms is doing the most work?
Which receptor is found in your tendons?
What fluid flows through the canal of schlemm?
What does insulin do?
lower blood glucose levels
What endocrine gland creates insulin?
What type of cell in your retina is responsible for your low light vision?
What hormone regulates your metabolic rate?
Which hormone prepares your body for quick action?
Which gland connects to the infundibulum?
What kind of receptor lets your brain know you're wearing a shirt?
hair shaft receptor
Where does most estrogen come from?
Which gland requires iodine to function properly?
Goiter is the result of what structure undergoing hypertrophy?
Where is the cerebrum of the visual cortex?
What structure works to keep crystals in your sweat from damaging your corneas?
What endocrine gland creates glucagon?
What duct is directly connected to the round window?
Where is long term memory stored?
The "T" in T-cells refers to what?
Where is your primary sensory cortex located?
In astigmatism, what part of the eye is misshapen?
What type of cell in the retina is responsible for your high resolution vision?
What structure in the brain is responsible for the reflexes licking, sucking, and chewing?
Where in your body would you find otoliths?
Which part of the brain is where short term memory is stored?
If someone is really angry & hungry are the same time, what part of the brain is the probable cause?
What element does parathyroid hormone regulate?
Which part of the endocrine system translates electrical information into chemical information?
Which eye muscle causes the pupil to increase in diameter?
What type of receptors detect pressure in your hollow organs?
What is the name of the fluid in your posterior cavity?
Which gland secretes melatonin?
Which lobe of the cerebrum has the auditory cortex?
Which special sense uses the organ of corti?
What type of receptor detects pain?
Which cranial nerve is involved with the cribriform plate?
CN I (olfactory nerve)
If someone is very hyperactive all the time, what hormone might they have too much of?
What root is responsible for incoming signals to the spinal chord?
What sense of taste lets us know possible toxins are in our mouths?
What basic thing does your auditory sense detect?
What is the equation for aerobic cellular respiration?
C6H12O6 + 4O2 ---> H2O + CO2
an educated guess based on previous knowledge
What is the term for small pockets in the lungs where gas exchange takes place?
What is NOT in the esophagus in big enough amounts to protect it from stomach acid that causes heart burn?
What is the term for the (roughly) first half of the small intestines?
The doctor feels the anterior part of what structure when performing a prostate exam?
What is the storage area for sperm?
What muscle of the torso do the suspensory ligaments of the breast attach to?
What is the term for the raised area which has multiple openings for milk to exit the body?
Which part of the large intestines is on the right side of the body?
After the nutrient rich blood leaves the intestines, where does it go?
Which substance of the body is used to start the breakdown of fats and oils?
If the concentration of oxygen levels in the aveoli is 18% and 21% in the capillaries, what will happen?
Oxygen will diffuse from the blood to the lungs
Where do you find the dartos muscles?
What is the tube that moves sperm from the prostate to the glans?`
Where in the kidney do you find the nephrons?
Where do sperm cells and egg cells usually meet?
Which gland secretes a fluid containing fructose?
After the pulmonary vein, where does the blood go?
In a vasectomy, which of these tubes is cut?
What is the term for the condition where the intestines are pushed into the scrotum?
What does the appendix attach to?
What is the term for the ridges inside the stomach?
Which vein takes blood from the kidneys?
What is the term for the "knot" of capillaries that is where the filtration at the nephron begins?
Which type of blood cell is involved in the clotting response?
What tube connects the kidney to the urinary bladder?
Which part of the intestines is where the final chemical breakdown of food takes place?
Which type of tooth is primarily responsible for grinding?
What is the term for the extra layer of skin that surrounds the glans of the penis?
What structure increases the surface area inside the nasal cavities?
In "blood doping" which type of cell is increased in number?
How do you correctly describe a vein?
Thin walls, 1 way valves, moves blood toward the heart
What artery travels in between the renal pyramids?
What fluid is produced in the parotid gland?
Which cartilage of the larynx moves to change tension on the vocal folds?
Where do you find plicae?
ileum (small intestine)
What part of your digestive system is primarily responsible for absorbing water?
Aside from the duodenum, where does our body use enzymes to break down proteins?
Which bone of your chest cavity moves when you exhale?
Which blood vessel takes blood to the intestines?
What is the pouch of skin that helps regulate the temperature of the testes?
an idea explaining natural evidence
What is the insertion for the rectus femoris muscle?
What is the insertion for the deltoid muscle?
What is the insertion for the sartorius muscle?
medial condyle of tibia
What does Cranial nerve I do?
Olfactory nerve - deals with sense of smell
What does cranial nerve II do?
Optic nerve - transmits visual information
What does cranial nerve III do?
Ocular motor - eye movement
What does cranial nerve IV do?
Trochlear nerve - innervantes superior oblique muscle
What does cranial nerve V do?
Trigeminal - splits into 3 branches (upper and lower teeth, chin and forehead feeling)
What does cranial nerve VI do?
Abducens - inervates lateral oblique muscle
What does cranial nerve VII do?
Fascial nerve - fascial expressions
What type of cell do you find in lacunae?
What are the 11 systems we went over throughout the semester?
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