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Arts and Humanities
Social and Political Philosophy
First Wave Feminism
Terms in this set (18)
o 18th and beginning of 19th century
o Women were fighting for basic equality and to be treated as people under the law
Who was fighting
o White middle class women
o It was exclusive because women who were not middle class and white were fighting for other things
• Black women fighting to be seen as a human
• World W II
What did women accuse the White House of?
o Women protested outside the white house accusing the GOV of undemocratic practices
What things did women begin to do that were considered unwomanly?
• Public persuasion
• Engaging in public activity and trying to escape some domestic norms
• Ignoring biological weaknesses
• Taking part in intellect and sports activities
What argument was made about men and women and how did feminists rebuttal this?
o The argument was made that women and ben are fundamentally different; however, first wave feminists used this to their ability and said giving women enfranchisement would add diversity to government and give women's rights a thought
What action was the government doing that women said was them denying them full citizenship?
o Women argued that not allowing them to vote was in a way denying them full citizenship
o Women were not considered persons. They could not own property and did not have the right to their own money. They had to abide by the rules of the man that was their representative
What was the main medium of feminism?
Who was Mary Wollstonecraft?
o A first wave feminist who wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Women
What did Mary Wollstonecraft write about?
o Women were treated as though they were inferior to men, although Mary writes in the book that naturally and biologically women are not.
• She writes about how women might believe this because they don't have an education.
o She writes about how all women deserve an education and goes against the views of other feminists who don't think women should have an education.
o Wrote how women should be companions to the husbands rather than strictly wives.
o Infused with the language of domesticity, it called upon women to define a public role for themselves as women, sisters and mothers so as to improve society, and particularly to alleviate the suffering of women and children
The Persons Case
o Underlined the inequality women still faced even after the breakthroughs in women's roles during the war
o Emily Murphy was the first women judge in the British Empire and was appointed to Alberta court
• She was challenged by a lawyer who said she was not eligible for her job because she was not a "person" in the eyes of the law
• She was supported by Supreme Court of Alberta that women could be a judge
o Over next several years women asked PM to appoint a women to the senate
• The British North American stated that qualified "persons" could receive appointments, but question was raised if women were persons
• Famous 5 decided to petition the PM
• Supreme Court of Canada decided women were not considered persons in the eyes of the law
• The famous 5 then appealed their case to the Privy Council
o After months of considerations the Privy Council declared the word "persons" referred to men and women
• Many people thought Murphy deserved to be appointed to senate but it was only 2 years later when the first women was appointed
• This was Cairine Wilson
The Suffrage movement
o The fight for women's right to vote
When did women gain suffrage?
Cult of Domesticity
o A prevailing value system among the upper and middle classes during the nineteenth century in the United States and Great Britain
Marriage law achievements
o Women over the age of 21 could legally get a divorce
o Mothers gained the same rights to their children as fathers
o Married women can own property
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