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A verbal description of a perpetrator's physical characteristics and dress provided by eyewitness
A system of Identification of individuals by measurement of parts of the body, developed by Aplphonse Bertillion.
Ridge Characteristics (Minutiae)
Ridge endings, bifurcations, enclosures, and other ridge details, which must match in two fingerprints in order for their common origin to be established
A fingerprint made by the deposit of oils and/or perspiration, it is invisible to the naked eye.
A class of fingerprints characterized by ridge lines that enter from one side of the pattern and curve around to exit from the same side of the pattern.
A class of fingerprints that includes ridge patterns that are generally rounded or circular in shape and have two deltas.
A class of fingerprints characterized by ridge lines that enter the print from one side and flow out the other side.
An inkless device that captures the digital images of fingerprints and palm prints and electronically transmits the images to an AFIS
A fingerprint made when the finger deposits a visible material such as ink, dirt, or blood onto a surface.
A chemical reagent used to develop latent fingerprints on porous materials by reacting with amino acids in perspiration.
A silver nitrate-based reagent formulated to develop latent fingerprints on porous surfaces.
A technique for visualizing latent fingerprints on nonporous surfaces by exposing them to cyanoacrylate vapors: named for the commercial product Super Glue.
A process through which a picture is converted into a series of square electonic dots known as pixels; the picture is manipulated by computer software that changes the numerical value of each pixel.
the first systematic attempt at personal identification was devised and introduced by
a system of identification relaying on precise body measurements is known as _______________
Sir Edward Richard Henry
the fingerprint classification system used in most english speaking countries was devised by __________________
True or False: the first systematic and official use of fingerprints for personal identification in the U.S was adopted by the New York City Civil Service commission.
A point-by-point comparison of a fingerprint's ________ must be demonstrated in order to prove identity
the form and pattern of skin ridges are determined by the (epidermis, dermal papillae)
if an imaginary line drawn b/w the two deltas of whorl pattern touches any of the spiral ridges, the pattern is classified as a
the presence or absence of the _____ pattern is used as a basis for determining the primary classification in the Henry system.
True or False: computerized fingerprint search systems match prints by comparing the position of bifurcations and ridge endings.
a fingerprint left by a person with soiled or stained fingertips is called a ___________
fingerprints impressions that are not readily visible are called _______________
fingerprints on hard and nonabsorbent surfaces are best developed by the application of a(n) _______
______ vapors chemically combine with fatty oils or residual water to visualize a fingerprint.
physical developer silver nitrate
chemical treatment with _____________ visualizes fingerprints on porous articles that may have been wet at one time.
True or False: a latent fingerprint is first treated with Physical Developer followed by ninhydrin.
Super Glue Fuming
a chemical technique known as ______________ is used to develop latent prints on nonporous surfaces such as metal and plastic
__________ occurs when a substance absorbs light and reemits the light in wavelengths longer than the illuminating source.
high-intensity light sources known as alternate __________ are effective in developing latent fingerprints.
The image produced from a digital file is composed of numerous square electronic dots called _____.
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