Intuitive Thought Substage
-Second substage of preoperational thought.
-4 to 7 years old
-Children use simple reasoning & want to know the answers to all sorts of questions
-They think they know the answers to their questions, but can't explain them
Inability to distinguish between one's own perspective & someone else's. ex. Father on ph ask if mom is there. Marie on ph: nods her head. Doesn't realize father can't see her.
First substage of Preoperational Thought: Symbolic Function Substage
*child gains ability to mentally represent an object that isn't present
*Children use scribble designs to represent: people, houses, cars, clouds, etc.
*Use language more effectively/engage in pretend play
*Their thought still has limitations, two of which are: egocentrism & animism
*are susceptible to suggestion
*preschoolers are especially susceptible to believing false suggestions.
*2-3 years- they increase 2 digits
*7 year- increase 5 digits
*7 -13 years - only increase by 1 1/2 digits.
Problems with young children's attention
*They lack planning in problem solving
*They focus most often from SALIENT info rather RELEVANT info
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 years)
Child is learning to make simple decisions, appropriate decisions, lead to sense of initiative. Poor decisions lead to sense of guilt.
During early childhood self-conscious _______develop, pride, shame, embarrassment and guilt.
*2-3 years- increasing use of emotion
*4-5 years- greater emotional standing, such as different people having different emotions
Monitor emotions of children, use emotions to teach, teach children how to deal w/ negative emotions.