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23 terms

Cognitive changes in Early Childhood ch.5

STUDY
PLAY
Lack of Conservation
They are easily fooled by apperances.
Centration
Their thinking is narrow and single-minded: only 1 way to do things.
Intuitive Thought Substage
-Second substage of preoperational thought.
-4 to 7 years old
-Children use simple reasoning & want to know the answers to all sorts of questions
-They think they know the answers to their questions, but can't explain them
Animism
The belief that inanimate objects have life like qualities and are capable of action
Egocentrism
Inability to distinguish between one's own perspective & someone else's. ex. Father on ph ask if mom is there. Marie on ph: nods her head. Doesn't realize father can't see her.
First substage of Preoperational Thought: Symbolic Function Substage
*Ages 2-4
*child gains ability to mentally represent an object that isn't present
*Children use scribble designs to represent: people, houses, cars, clouds, etc.
*Use language more effectively/engage in pretend play
*Their thought still has limitations, two of which are: egocentrism & animism
Age Differences
*are susceptible to suggestion
*preschoolers are especially susceptible to believing false suggestions.
Short Term Memory
*Retains for 30 seconds (whatever you are paying attention too)
Memory Span
*2-3 years- they increase 2 digits
*7 year- increase 5 digits
*7 -13 years - only increase by 1 1/2 digits.
Long Term Memory Criteria
*Age differences
*Differences to Susceptibility
*Interviewing techniques
Attention
Focusing our mental resources on selected info
Types of attention
*Sustained Attention
* Executive Attention
Problems with young children's attention
*They lack planning in problem solving
*They focus most often from SALIENT info rather RELEVANT info
Executive Attention
Processes related to goal oriented behavior
Sustained Attention
Keeping one's focus on a task
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 years)
Child is learning to make simple decisions, appropriate decisions, lead to sense of initiative. Poor decisions lead to sense of guilt.
Emotions
During early childhood self-conscious _______develop, pride, shame, embarrassment and guilt.
*2-3 years- increasing use of emotion
*4-5 years- greater emotional standing, such as different people having different emotions
Regulating Emotion
Monitor emotions of children, use emotions to teach, teach children how to deal w/ negative emotions.
Emotion-Dismissing Parents
To ignore or deny their children emotions
Physical Abuse
When parents physically injury children during punishment
Child Neglect
Failure to provide for children's basic needs
Sexual Abuse
Using children sexually
Emotional Abuse
Yelling at them & putting them down