Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Lack of Conservation

They are easily fooled by apperances.


Their thinking is narrow and single-minded: only 1 way to do things.

Intuitive Thought Substage

-Second substage of preoperational thought.
-4 to 7 years old
-Children use simple reasoning & want to know the answers to all sorts of questions
-They think they know the answers to their questions, but can't explain them


The belief that inanimate objects have life like qualities and are capable of action


Inability to distinguish between one's own perspective & someone else's. ex. Father on ph ask if mom is there. Marie on ph: nods her head. Doesn't realize father can't see her.

First substage of Preoperational Thought: Symbolic Function Substage

*Ages 2-4
*child gains ability to mentally represent an object that isn't present
*Children use scribble designs to represent: people, houses, cars, clouds, etc.
*Use language more effectively/engage in pretend play
*Their thought still has limitations, two of which are: egocentrism & animism

Age Differences

*are susceptible to suggestion
*preschoolers are especially susceptible to believing false suggestions.

Short Term Memory

*Retains for 30 seconds (whatever you are paying attention too)

Memory Span

*2-3 years- they increase 2 digits
*7 year- increase 5 digits
*7 -13 years - only increase by 1 1/2 digits.

Long Term Memory Criteria

*Age differences
*Differences to Susceptibility
*Interviewing techniques


Focusing our mental resources on selected info

Types of attention

*Sustained Attention
* Executive Attention

Problems with young children's attention

*They lack planning in problem solving
*They focus most often from SALIENT info rather RELEVANT info

Executive Attention

Processes related to goal oriented behavior

Sustained Attention

Keeping one's focus on a task

Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 years)

Child is learning to make simple decisions, appropriate decisions, lead to sense of initiative. Poor decisions lead to sense of guilt.


During early childhood self-conscious _______develop, pride, shame, embarrassment and guilt.
*2-3 years- increasing use of emotion
*4-5 years- greater emotional standing, such as different people having different emotions

Regulating Emotion

Monitor emotions of children, use emotions to teach, teach children how to deal w/ negative emotions.

Emotion-Dismissing Parents

To ignore or deny their children emotions

Physical Abuse

When parents physically injury children during punishment

Child Neglect

Failure to provide for children's basic needs

Sexual Abuse

Using children sexually

Emotional Abuse

Yelling at them & putting them down

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording