61 terms

Criminal Justice- Siegel Book- Chap 6-10

Quiz answers for Chapter 6-10.
Phenomena where black officers must deal with the expectation that they will give members of their own race a break, while experiencing racism from colleagues?
Double marginality
Today approximately ____ percent of all officers are racial minorities?
What city was the first to hire and award the title of police officer to a woman in 1910?
Los Angeles
Minority female officers account for approximately ___ percent of the police force?
Which of the following is false regarding education and the police?
Educated officers have greater disciplinary problems due to job boredom.
The blue curtain is a term used to describe:
The secrecy and insulation from others in society that is a consequence of the police subculture.
Which of the following is not one of the six core beliefs at the heart of the police culture?
All of the above are core beliefs in the police culture
Which of the following traits is said to be found on all levels of policing?
An officer approaches a group of teenagers drinking beer, she checks everyone's Ids and arrests all who are underage. This example best typifies which officer style?
Law enforcer (1)
An officer approaches a group of teenagers standing in a parking lot, drinking beer. She checks for gang symbols and calls into the station to ascertain if any of them have active warrants. This officer typifies which officer style?
Law enforcer (2)
Which officer's style involves acting as problem solvers and is therefore well suited for community policing?
Law enforcer (3)
Which style of policing prefers to ignore or treat informally issues of concern, unless the social or political order if being jeopardized?
Social Agent
Which policing style utilizes the least amount of discretion?
Which of the following factors bests fits under the heading of extra legal discretionary factors?
Offender demeanor
Which of the following is a source of stress in policing?
Poor training
The higher the percentage of black officers on the police force the higher the arrest rates for crimes such as assault
True, higher percentage
Factors such as the living and working environment of the officer often affect their discretion
True, affect discretion
A search is considered unreasonable when it exceeds the scope of police authority or is highly invasive of personal privacy.
True, exceeds police authority
In 1914, in Weeks v. United States, the court established the exclusionary rule.
True, Weeks v. United States
The supreme court has created a good faith exception to the exclusionary rule with indicates evidence is admissible in court if the police officers acted in good faith by first obtaining court approval for their search, even if the warrant they received was deficient or faulty.
True, good faith exception
Courts of general jurisdiction are also known as what?
Felony Courts
Which of the following is FALSE regarding appellate courts?
Appellate courses try cases
Courts of limited jurisdiction are most likely to handle which of the following crimes?
Traffic Violations
Which is the court of last resort generally called?
Intermediate court of appeals
When a right is granted in a case by the Supreme Court it is usually referred to as a
Mandate of precedence
Which of the following is not one of the judicial functions of a judge?
Administrative control over probation
Which of the following is NOT one of the duties of a prosecutor?
Represent the government in appeals
In the federal system, prosecutors are appointed by whom?
The President
Evidence shows, Prosecutorial discretion is used to:
Screen out the weakest cases
Which of the following is the most common reason for prosecutors to reject cases?
Evidence problems
Prosecutorial discretion is used to:
Reduce the number of cases to trial
Which of the following reasons may cause a case to be dismieed?
Inefficient evidence
Interests of justice
Due process problems
What is the duty of a defense lawyer to his client and the legal system?
To fully represent and competently defend his client
In what 1963 landmark cases did the Supreme Court rule that state courts must provide counsel to indigent defendants in felony prosecutions?
Gideon v. Wainwright
Which of the following statements is false regarding public versus private attorneys?rk
Conviction rates for indigent defendants with public defenders were significantly higher than for defendants with their own attorney.
The drug court movement began in New York
False, not NY
Appellate Courts try cases
False, do not try
Courts of general jurisdiction are sometimes called municipal courts
False, felony courts
The Supreme court is the only court established by the constitutional mandate
True, constitution
In Gideon v Wainwright, the court took the first major step ion the issue of right to ounsel.
True, G v. W
The Sixth amendment assures the right to counsel
True, sixth
Interviewing witnesses in a criminal case is one of the duties of the prosecutor
True, prosecutor
Conviction rates for indigent defendants and those with their own lawyers are about the same in federal and state courts
True, same rates
Plea bargaining is rare
False, very popular
The concept of attorney competence was defined by the Supreme court in the case of Strickland v. Washington
True, attorney competence
Which of the following is a pretrial procedure?
Plea Negotiation
Some scholars contend that bail is problematic because it:
Is discriminatory to the poor.
What is another term for an indictment issues by a grand jury
True Bil
Which of the following is a common reason for a defendant to waive the preliminary hearing?
It is unlikely that plea bargaining will be eliminated in the future because it:
eases the pressure of congested caseloads
What state completely eliminated plea bargaining in 1975?
If an individual is permitted a trial, who chooses whether it will be before a judge or a jurt?
The defendant
The_____amendment guarantees the defendant the right to a jury trial.
Which of the following is a reason for which a jury can nullify the facts and evidence of a case?
Bail can be used to punish an accused and can be denied for revoked at the indulgence of the court
False, bail
More than half of all violent criminals are released before trial.
True, half
A nolo contendere plea is essentially the same as a guilty plea
True, guilty
Diversion programs allow a defendant to enter treatment instead of trial
True, treatment
The state can never order a defendant to take medication when she or he is ruled incompetent to stand trial
False, drug away!
There is no set time that defines a speedy trial
True, no set time
At the ______ defendants are informed of the formal charges and asked to enter a plea