Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (31)
two strands of DNA are arranged in opposite directions
three-base code in DNA or RNA.
A mutation that involves the loss of a base from a DNA chain.
The sugar in DNA
enzymes that makes new DNA molecules.
twisted-ladder shape of DNA
in RNA processing the coding sequence that remains in the final mRNA
Protein that unzips DNA during DNA replication
A mutation that involves the addition of a base to a DNA chain.
in RNA processing, the sequence that is removed.
The strand of DNA that is built away from the direction of the unzipping DNA.
The strand of DNA that is built continuously as the DNA unzips
A protein that joins Okazaki fragments together.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
type of RNA that carries genetic information from DNA in the nucleus to direct protein synthesis in the cytoplasm.
permanent change in a cell's DNA.
Subunits of nucleic acids
Short segments of DNA that form on the lagging strand.
A mutation that involves the wrong base at one spot.
Short segment of RNA that is complementary to DNA during DNA replication
Protein that adds a short section of RNA to start production of a new DNA strand
enzyme that regulates RNA synthesis.
The sugar in RNA
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
type of RNA that associates with proteins to form ribosomes.
method of DNA replication in which parental strands separate, act as templates and produce molecules of DNA with one parental DNA strands and one new DNA strands.
A nitrogen base that is only found in DNA
process in which mRNA is synthesized from the template DNA.
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
type of RNA that transports amino acids to the ribosome.
process in which mRNA attaches to the ribosome and a protein is assembled.
a nitrogen base that is only found in RNA
sequence of 3 bases on the tRNA molecule that compliments the codon on mRNA
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Biology Chapter 6 sections 1-2
Biology Chapter 6 Sections 3-4
Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Terms Biology
Chapter 9 Vocab
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Biology DNA Replication Quiz Study Guide
Biology DNA Replication Quiz Study Guide vocab
DNA Structure And Replication Study Guide
DNA, RNA, protein synthisis
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Arteries and Veins
Ch 8 Muscles to Know
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1