vinyl casing filled with silica gel or sand-slurry mixture
Cold packs method of heat transmission
Cold packs treatment temperature
Cold packs time
Ice packs method of heat transmission
Ice packs time
crushed ice folded in moist towel
Ice massage method of heat transmission
Ice massage time
towels soaked in ice slush
Ice towels method of heat transmission
Ice towels time
nonflammable volatile liquid evaporates when sprayed on skin
Vapocoolant spray time
Vapocoolant spray method of heat transmission
alternating immersion of a body part in warm and cold water
Contrast baths time
Contrast baths method of heat transmission
contrast bath treatment temperature
Hot water - 100°F - 110°F / 37.7 - 43.3°C
Cold water - 55°F - 65°F / 12.7 - 18.3°C
cyclic vasoconstriction and vasodilation following prolonged cold exposure
blood to internal organs
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