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EMR Exam Study Guide
This study guide will help you get ready for the EMR Final Exam.
Terms in this set (135)
Emergency Medical Responders are trained to provide ______.
Basic emergency care
How is malaria transmitted?
Through vector-borne transmission (mosquitos)
Engineering controls include ______.
The best way to care for someone who got body fluids splashed in their eyes is to _____.
Flush the eyes with water or saline for 20 minutes.
Which level of EMS provider is the most advanced?
These laws protect you when you act in good faith and within your scope of practice.
Good Samaritan Laws
A person is competent when they ______.
Understand questions and the implications of their decisions.
Proving basic care based on specific criteria is called _____.
Standard of Care
The medial part of the body is ______.
Towards the midline.
Out of the brain, heart, lungs, and kidney, the _______ would be considered to be the least vital.
When is it ok to move a seriously injured patient?
When a building is on fire, from a vehicle that is smoking, and when the patient is blocking access to other patients.
What is the best way to move a patient who has a suspected neck or spinal injury?
What are some examples of mechanisms of injury (MOI)?
Explosions, penetrating trauma, blunt force.
_________ materials may have strange odors and/or clouds of gas.
When arriving on the scene, this is your number one priority.
What allows for the maximum hand stability and strength when lifting a patient?
An unstable patient should be reassessed every ____ minutes.
What is the most important personal protective equipment that you should be wearing when working with a patient?
What is the main purpose of an ongoing assessment?
To identify changes in the patient's condition.
A correctly placed blood pressure cuff will be centered over the _____ artery.
What is the first thing you should do when communicating with medical control?
True or False. The tongue is the most likely cause of a mechanical airway obstruction.
The ______ plane divided the body horizontally.
What is the most appropriate way to perform a jaw-thrust maneuver?
By sliding your fingers under then angles of the jawbones.
You can only insert an oral airway if the patient is ____.
This organ separated the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity, and is responsible for breathing.
The _____ is the largest organ of the body.
What signs would you expect if hazardous materials were present on a scene?
Foul and acrid odors
When suctioning a patient, do not suction for more than _____ seconds at a time
If a choking patient goes unconscious, then the first thing you must do is ______.
Lower them carefully to the ground
An oxygen cylinder should be refilled when the pressure gauge reads _____ ppi or below.
An advantage of a variable flow rate device on an oxygen tank is that you can ______.
Adjust the flow rate for different types of delivery devices.
A heart attack is also called a ____.
Miocardial Infarction (MI)
Never use an oropharyngeal airway if _____.
The patient is alert and conscious
The best way to suction the mouth is to _____.
Apply suction while withdrawing the tip in a sweeping motion.
The worst kind of questions to ask a patient begins with _____.
The best way to know if a patient is breathing is to _____, _____, and _____.
Look, Listen, Feel
This is the most important thing to do for a patient having a seizure.
Maintain an open airway
This is the condition where there is a disruption of blood flow to part of the brain.
One sign that indicate that a patient has overdosed on stimulants is _____.
A rapid pulse
You should only do a finger sweep in a person's mouth when they are ____.
If you suspect substance abuse, always _____.
Summon more advanced medical personnel
What are some examples of chief complaints?
My chest hurts. I am having trouble breathing. I can't walk. I feel dizzy.
True or False. It is ok to enter a building that smells of strong odors like sulfur or gasoline.
False. Call for specialized services for assistance.
What is a good treatment for jellyfish stings.
Flush the affected site with vinegar.
What is the best way to deal with a patient who is experiencing a behavioral emergency?
Speak directly to the patient.
What is your first priority (after scene safety) if you arrive on a scene where you suspect child abuse?
Care for the child
What kind of dressing do you apply to a patient with a sucking chest wound?
An occlusive dressing
True or False. It is ok to give a a drink to a patient who is in shock.
What event can cause a child to go into cardiac arrest?
When assessing a stroke patient using the "FAST" mnemonic, what does the "T" stand for?
The time in which symptoms first occurred.
Your first priority in an attempt to control bleeding should be ____.
To cover the wound with a dressing.
What is the name of the system that is used when dealing with a large emergency situation involving multiple patients?
Incident Command System (ICS)
What is the best way to care for a wound with a bone protruding through the skin?
Pack the area around the bone with sterile gauze.
What is the name of an injury that involves a partially severed body part such as a finger or toe?
What is the most common heart rhythm associated with sudden cardiac arrest?
Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib)
Once a person that has been burned has been removed from the source of heat, your next priority is to _____.
Cool the burned area
A person with a closed abdominal injury will be most comfortable in what position?
One their backs with their knees bent
An open wound that is oozing blood should be first treated by ______.
Dressing the wound to prevent infection
If you are trying to stabilize a patient's head, and their head is turned sharply to the right or left, your should ____.
Maintain the head in the position found.
True or False. Braxton-Hicks contractions are sporatic in nature.
What is the most appropriate way to cool a child who has a high fever?
Remove their clothing and blankets
If a person was struck in the chest, but has no open wounds, what is a sign that the patient may have internal injuries to the chest?
Coughing up blood
How should you speak to an elderly person?
Clearly, calmly, and slowly
While assisting a pregnant mother who is giving birth, you notice a small loop of umbilical cord protruding from the vagina while the babies head is crowning. What should you do if this happens?
Have the mother assume a knee-chest position (stink bug)
What are some inappropriate ways of attempting to communicate with a patient who has autism?
Tell them to look directly at you, touch the child, expect them to act their age.
What are conditions where using air medical transport might be required.
Unrestrained car rollover, severe burns, extreme trauma.
What is your first priority (after scene safety) for a patient who has an abdominal wound with organs protruding?
Summon more advanced medical personnel
____ is the safe and appropriate way to remove a patient who is trapped in a motor vehicle.
The term ______ refers to the possible risk to health, safety, or property due the release of toxic substance.
"DuoDote" is an antidote kit for ______.
What type of oxygen administration devices would work for a patient with a nasal injury?
BVM, Resuscitation mask, Non-rebreather mask
How do you stabilize the neck of a person with a suspected neck injury?
Put you hands on both sides of the patient's head.
What is the National Incident Management System (NIMS)?
It is a comprehensive framework that outlines the structures for response activities for command and management.
If a person was trapped in a farm silo, a hole in the ground, inside a tank, this would be considered a _______ situation.
The _____ System is responsible for fighting disease.
Do NOT attempt resuscitation in a patient who _____.
Has a valid DNR, is exhibiting dependent vividity, shows signs of tissue decay, has stiffened finger and jaw joints, shows definitive signs of Rigor Mortis.
The first to remove disposable gloves is to _____.
Pinch the palm side of one glove near the wrist
True or False. Take care not to disturb anything at a crime scene.
Hyper means _____.
The first thing you should do when approaching a patient is to _____.
_____ connect muscle to bone.
_____ connect bone to bone.
What is the most common cause of airway obstruction in children?
What is another name for the clavicle?
If you must leave a patient to get help, leave the patient in the ________ position.
The best way to move a person down a narrow staircase is with a ______.
A ________ is the duties and skills a person is allowed an expected to perform.
Scope of Practice
_______ precautions assumes that all body fluids could be potentially infective.
Which body system is most likely affected in a patient with blood glucose problems?
True or False. A patient that is thrashing and kicking might can be restrained.
How far away should you park your vehicle from a scene involving fire.
What is diastolic blood pressure?
The force exerted on arterial walls between contractions.
What is the "S" in SAMPLE?
Signs and Symptoms
What is the "A" in SAMPLE?
What is the "M"in SAMPLE?
What is the "P" in SAMPLE?
Past pertinent history
What is the "L" in SAMPLE?
Last oral intake
What is the "E" in SAMPLE?
Events leading up
______ is the point of contact between the public and an EMR.
A Prehospital Care Report (PCR) is also called a ____.
Caring for a patient on "Standing Orders" is direct/indirect medical control.
In "AVPU" the "A" means _____.
In "AVPU" the "V" means _____.
In "AVPU" the "P" means _____.
In "AVPU" the "U" means _____.
The standard rate of oxygen for a fixed-flow-rate oxygen system is _____.
15 liters per minute (lpm)
A bite from a venomous snake would cause poisoning by which mechanism?
A typical symptom of a person who has renal failure, but has not had dialysis treatment for several days would be ____.
What is the first thing you should do when you arrive on a scene of a patient experiencing status epilepticus?
Summon more advanced medical personnel
Oxycodone and Percocet are examples of _____.
How would a person be poisoned by carbon monoxide?
A patient with heat exhaustion would have (cool/hot) and (pale/red) skin.
What is the first thing you should check before administering oxygen to a patient?
Check the label and markings on the tank to make sure you are giving the right thing.
What is the first thing you should do to help a person who is experiencing heat cramps?
Reduce the cramps with light massage
What is your first priority when responding to a situation of a person that is threatening suicide?
Your safety and calling for trained personnel.
How would you describe venous bleeding?
Steadily flowing with a darker red color.
What kind of injury would you expect if a person's leg was trapped under a cement beam.
What condition would a patient be in if you classified them as "delayed care"?
Alert with appropriate responses
What is a dislocation injury?
Two bones that are normally together become separated.
The rhythmic contractions with cervical dilation is called _____.
If you hear a "whooshing" sound every time a patient take a breath, you would suspect what type of injury?
A sucking chest wound
Shock is also called _____.
A classic sign of elder abuse is ___.
Numerous old and new bruises on a patient's inner arms and thighs.
When approaching a patient who has been burned by a toaster oven, your first priority is to ___.
Make sure the scene is safe and the current is turned off.
What is a big difference between shock in children and adults?
Children are better at compensating for a long period before succumbing to shock.
Birth is imminent when contractions are ___ minutes apart.
True or False. It is ok to use grease or oil to clean and lubricate the regulator on an oxygen tank.
False. It could lead to an explosion.
A 360-degree assessment means ____.
You are looking in all directions for signs of danger.
Where do you go to find information about hazardous materials (HAZMATs)?
The Emergency Response Guidebook
How should you first treat a patient who has dry powdered chemical on their skin?
Brush off the powder first.
The "exclusion zone" is also called the _____ zone.
Nerve agents are classified as which type of weapon of mass destruction (WMD)?
When responding to a scene in which a nerve agent was involved, which equipment is the most important for you to have available?
True or False. An EMR has the appropriate training to enter a confined space.
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