Kin 360 Final (focused)

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Cultural influences
American Ideals - different for certain states
ex. Texas cares about football and Minnesota cares about hockey.
differ between countries.
Socialization
A dual process of interaction and development through which human beings learn
common means of socialization
Observation
interference
modeling
trial and error
social interaction
Social role
the behavior that members of a particular social group expect in a particular situation
Norm
a set of expectations about behavior
Socializing agents
people most likely to play a role in an individual's socialization process
Parents (socializing agents)
type of activity reflects parental interest and encouragment
Siblings (socializing agents)
1st playgroup, help shape idea of role model, reinforce socialization pattern from parents.
Peers (socializing agents)
individuals are drawn to sport/activities of their peer group
Coaches/Teachers (socializing agents)
influence participation and selection of sport
girls outperform on locomoter skills and boys outperform girls on object control skills.
In preschool
Ageism
inhibits the older adult's attempts at becoming an active participant in society.

ex. man wants to run but children tell him he can't
simple synergies
...
Self serving bias
Discounting
self esteem enhancement strategies
Self presentation
use strategies to convince others that the self is doing well.
because there were different versions for different age groups
why was Harters model used and revolutionized?
children (6-14)
want to compete, like their coaches, pleases family and friends, have fun
ATomic
C, H, O, N make up 95% of body mass
molecular
Water, Fat, essential lipids, portein, bone, mineral, soft tissue minerals, CHO, residual
cellular
adipocytes, other cells, intracellular fluid, extracellular fluid and solids.
Tissue/Organ
Adipose (subcutaneous and visceral), skeletal muscle, bone, visceral organs, brain, liver
Whole body
head and neck, trunk, upper and lower limbs
2 component model
BM = FM + FFM
Assumes that proportions of water and protein and mineral in FFM are constant
what does the 2 component model assume.
3 component model
BM = FM + FFDM + TBW
assumes a constant ratio of protein to mineral FFDM
what does the 3 component model assume?
80.6% water, 15% protein, 3.7% mineral
what is the composition of FAT free mass at birth?
16-18
adult FFM for boys
18-20
Adult FFM for girls
Follows a pattern similar to stature
What does total body water do in the body as we age?
plateaus at ages 13-15
FM in boys
Endomorphy
relative fitness/leaness of the individual
mesomorphy
Relative musculo skeletal development
Ectomorphy
Relative linearity of build
Endomorphy increases in females and decreases with males
how does endomorphy increase with age?
Underweight
weight for age > 2sd below median
Stunting
length/height for age > 2 sd below median
Wasting
weight for length/height > 2 sd below median
Overweight
BMI 85th - 95th Percentile
Obese
greater than 95th percentile
80%
how much percent is obesity hereditary in twins
50%,
percentage for an average person obesity is (blank) % hereditary
25%
how much percent does the family enviornment affect obesity?
25%
how much percent do genetics have to do with obesity?